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Buenos Aires 2015 Fellowship Participants

Singapore Fellowship Participants gather at ICANN52


Fellowships Coaches at Buenos Aires 53

Adela Goberna - Argentina – End User

Alagie Ceesay – Gambia – Gov't

Aleksandar Ichokjaev – Macedonia – Academic

Alyne Bezerra – Brazil – End User / At Large

Antonio Alberti – Brazil – Academic

Aris Ignacio – Philippines – Academic

Aubry Pennyman – Bahamas – ccTLD Operations / GAC

Bionda Fonseca-Hoeve – Aruba – Business

Carlos Rivers – Argentina – Honorary Fellow

Chaitanya Ramachandran – India – End User

Christelle Vaval – Haiti – Civil Society

Christopher Momanyi – Kenya - Academic

Fellowships Coaches at Buenos Aires 53

Coppens Pasteur Ndayirague – Burundi – Gov't

Emir Sosa – Belize – Gov't

Etuate Cocker – Tonga – Academic

Fabricio Valmorbida Marçal Pessôa – Brazil – Security

Farzaneh Badiei – Islamic Republic of Iran – Academic

Gabriel Ramokotjo – South Africa – ccTLD Operations / At Large

Hamza Ben Mehrez – Tunisia – Civil Society / GAC

Ian Mitchell – Saint Lucia – Technical

Igor Mkrtumyan – Armenia – Security / ccNSO

Israel Rosas – Mexico – Gov't

Isaias Mercado – Dominican Republic – Security

Ivy Contreras Avila – Guatemala – ccTLD Operations

Fellowships Coaches at Buenos Aires 53

Jania Lopez – Nicaragua – Civil Society

Jesus Rivera – Venezuela – Gov't / ccNSO and GAC

Jia He – China – Academic

Joao Carlos Rebello Caribe – Brazil – Civil Society / GNSO

John Forman – Brazil – Business

Jose Eduardo Rojas – Bolivia – Civil Society

Joseph Marc Antoine Ridore – Haiti – Technical

Kim Hendl – Argentina – Honorary Fellow

Kirshna Kumar Rajamannar – India – Civil Society

Lacier Dias – Brazil – Technical

Lia Marcia Solis Montano – Bolivia – Technical

Mamadou Lo – Senegal – Business / GNSO

Fellowships Coaches at Buenos Aires 53

Mauricio Oviedo Calderon – Costa Rica – Technical / GNSO

Miguel Ignacio Estrada – Argentina – Gov't

Nadira Alaraj – Palestine – End User

Osama Tamimi – Palestine – Technical

Raitme Osvaldo Citterio Alvarado – Venezuela – Civil Society / At Large and GNSO

Rao Naveed Bin Rais – Pakistan – Academic / GNSO

Renata Aquino Ribeiro – Brazil – Academic

Rim Hayat Chaif – Algeria – Civil Society

Shabnam Shafiei – Islamic Republic of Iran – End User

Shakeel Ahmed – Pakistan – ccTLD Operations

Shavkat Sabirov – Kazakhstan – Civil Society

Sorina Teleanu – Romania – Gov't / GAC

Tenanoia Veronica Simona – Tuvalu – Gov't

Victor Fernandes – Brazil – Academic

Walid Al-Saqaf – Yemen – Academic / GNSO

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."