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Buenos Aires, Argentina Fellowship Participants

A group photo of the Buenos Aires, Argentina Fellowship Participants with a view of tall buildings in the background
  • Adrian Quesada Rodriguez – Costa Rica – Academic
  • Ahmed Bakhat Masood – Pakistan – Government
  • Ali Almeshal – Bahrain – Civil
  • Ann Ibrahim – Egypt – Gov't
  • Beatriz Rodriguez – Uruguay – Academic
  • Bikram Shrestha – Nepal – Not For Profit
  • Bryton Focus – United Republic of Tanzania – Not For Profit
  • Claudia Giuliana Silva Jauregui – Peru – Gov't
  • Craig Nesty – Dominica – Business
  • Edwin Opare – Ghana – Gov't
  • Emani Fakaotimanava-Lui – Niue – Not For Profit
  • Ganeswar Sahoo – India – Business
  • Hassan Zaheer – Pakistan – Business
  • Hossam Hassan – Egypt – Business
  • Hugo Alexander Cuenca Espinosa – Ecuador – Academic
  • Leon Felipe Sanchez Ambia – Mexico – Academic
  • Lianna Galstyan – Armenia – Not For Profit
  • Maria Sofia Zerbino Rachetti – Uruguay – Not For Profit
  • Marilia Maciel – Brazil – Academic
  • Mauricio Oviedo Calderon – Costa Rica – Not For Profit
  • Natalie Rose – Jamaica – Academic
  • Noha Fathy – Egypt – Not For Profit
  • Ping Yang – People's Republic of China – End User
  • Roxana Radu – Romania – Academic
  • Samson Yoseph Esayas – Ethiopia – Academic
  • Sequera Maricarmen – Paraguay – End User
  • Victoria Rosca – Moldova – Gov't
  • Vivek Goyal – India – Business
  • Yusif Amadu – Ghana – Academic
  • Zheng Wang – People's Republic of China – Academic
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."