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Board-GAC Recommendation Implementation Working Group

The Board-GAC Recommendation Implementation Working Group was created by the ICANN Board on 17 September 2011 in resolution 2011.09.17.10 to lead the Board's coordination with the GAC on the implementation of recommendations of the JWG and the GAC-related recommendations of the ATRT.

The Board-GAC Joint Working Group (JWG), which was previously tasked with the oversight of the GAC-related recommendations from the Accountability and Transparency Review Team (ATRT), was dissolved in resolution 2011.06.24.26, after the Board received its Final Report [PDF, 447 KB].

At its meeting on 22 October 2011, the ICANN Board approved the Board membership of the Board-GAC Recommendation Implementation Working Group as recommended by the Board Governance Committee in resolution 2011.10.22.01.

The Board members who were approved by the Board to participate in the Working Group are:

Chris Disspain, Bill Graham (cochair – with GAC-identifiend cochair), Ram Mohan, Ray Plzak, Mike Silber.

At the Dakar Meeting, the Board approved an update to the membership of the Working Group. The Board approved Erika Mann as participant in the Board/GAC Recommendation Implementation Working Group in resolution 2011.10.28.12.

At the Costa Rica meeting, the Working Group announced the final implementation of ATRT Recommendations addressing GAC Advice (Recommendation 9) and the creation and operation of a GAC Advice Register (Recommendation 10).

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."