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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 27 June 2014

News from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

GAC Communiqué Issued at ICANN Meeting in London

26 June 2014 | The Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) today issued its communiqué during ICANN's 50th public meeting in London.

ICANN and CATR Signs Memorandum of Understanding to Enhance Collaboration Between ICANN and Chinese Stakeholders | Closer Collaboration on Engagement Efforts in China

24 June 2014 | London, UK… ICANN and the China Academy of Telecommunication Research (CATR) today signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to forge closer collaboration on engagement efforts in China.

CANN Signs Agreements with Qatar and Egypt Promoting the DNS Industry and IG Multi-stakeholder Approach in the Middle East and Africa | Establishment of a Regional DNS Entrepreneurship Center (DNS-EC)

23 June 2014 | London, UK… ICANN announced today the signing of two important agreements during the High-Level Government Meeting at ICANN's 50th Public Meeting in London. Attended by approximately 30 ministers from around the globe the signing showcases ICANN's continued regional engagement amongst different stakeholders, in promoting the DNS industry and the Internet governance multistakeholder approach nationally, regionally and globally.

Largest Ever ICANN Meeting Convenes in London | Affirmation of Multistakeholder Model for Internet Governance by World Leaders

23 June 2014 | More than 3,300 people from around the world have registered for ICANN's 50th meeting in London, making it the largest in the organization's history.

ICANN 50 Update: Press Conference Time Change | Opening Press Conference of ICANN's 50th Public Meeting in London Moved to 12:30 BST

23 June 2014 | Journalists attending ICANN's 50th Public Meeting in London are advised that the Opening Press Conference has been moved 12:30 BST.

Westlake Governance Appointed to Conduct Independent Review of the GNSO

23 June 2014 | The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") has appointed Westlake Governance Limited ("Westlake Governance") to conduct an independent review of the Generic Names Supporting Organization ("GNSO"). This review is part of ICANN's commitment to continuous improvement, accountability and transparency.

Avri Doria is First Winner of ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award

23 June 2014 | The Evaluation Committee for the pilot ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award Program selected longtime community member Avri Doria as the award's first recipient. She receives the award in recognition of her multiple roles in ICANN (such as ATRT2, the ICANN academy and being an active participant in many working groups).

RSSAC Restructure Update and Statement on RSSAC 001 and 002

22 June 2014 | ICANN's Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC) continues to make progress on its restructuring efforts. The ICANN RSSAC is currently working on two documents with draft titles "Service Expectations of DNS Root Name Servers" and "RSSAC Recommendation on Measurements of the Root Server System".

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."