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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 29 June 2012

News from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

Following Public Comment Process, ICANN Board Authorizes .COM Contract, FY13 Operating Budget and Plan

28 June 2012 | After months of consultations, open public comment processes and discussion, the ICANN Board of Directors made several resolutions at its 23 June meeting.

New gTLDs: Root Zone Scaling Report

27 June 2012 | ICANN is publishing the report "Impact on Root Server Operations and Provisioning due to New gTLDs."

Outgoing CEO Praises Expansion of ICANN's International Community [PDF, 287 KB]

25 June 2012 | Prague, Czech Republic… Rod Beckstrom, ICANN's President and Chief Executive Officer, today said that the organization he has led for the past three years has become dramatically more international in almost every way.

ICANN Extends Call for Expressions of Interest for 2012-2013 NomCom Chair-Elect

23 June 2012 | ICANN is extending the Call for Expressions of Interest for the 2012-2013 Nominating Committee Chair-Elect, announced on 16 May 2012, at

Digital Archery Suspended

23 June 2012 | Operation of the digital archery portion of the New Generic Top-level Domain Program has been suspended.

Upcoming Events

14-19 October 2012: 45th International Public ICANN Meeting - Toronto


ICANN Bylaws

Our bylaws are very important to us. They capture our mission of security, stability and accessibility, and compel the organization to be open and transparent. Learn more at

Strategic Plan, 2012 - 2015

Adopted FY13 Operating Plan and Budget

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."