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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 15 June 2012

News from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

New gTLD Application Details Restored

14 June 2012 | The public portions of the new gTLD applications have been restored to the ICANN website.

New gTLD Application Details Temporarily Offline - UPDATE

14 June 2012 | We have temporarily disabled viewing of the application details and will provide more information on this matter as it becomes available.

New gTLD Application Details Temporarily Offline

14 June 2012 | We are looking into reports of an issue with the posted new gTLDs applications on the ICANN website.

Updated Final Implementation Plan for IDN ccTLD Fast Track Processes Available

14 June 2012 | Following the completion of the second annual review of the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process, ICANN is providing this notice of publication for the updated Final Implementation Plan for the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process.

New gTLD Reveal Day - Applied-for Strings

13 June 2012 | The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today revealed who has applied for which generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD) names in what is expected to become the largest expansion in the history of the Internet's Domain Name System.

Upcoming Events

24 - 29 June 2012: 44th International Public ICANN Meeting - Prague


ICANN Bylaws

Our bylaws are very important to us. They capture our mission of security, stability and accessibility, and compel the organization to be open and transparent. Learn more at

Strategic Plan, 2011 - 2014

Adopted FY12 Operating Plan and Budget

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."