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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 2 October 2009

News from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

Public Comment: Draft Report on Domain Names Registered Using a Privacy or Proxy Service

1 October 2009 | ICANN, assisted by the National Opinion Research Center (NORC), recently completed a draft of its study of the percentage of domain names registered using a privacy or proxy service.

Publication of TNO Report Describing Root Scaling Model

1 October 2009 | ICANN has published a report prepared by TNO entitled "Root Scaling Study: Description of the DNS Root Scaling Model". This report is an additional product of the root scaling study and complements the "Scaling the Root" report published on 18 September 2009.

Expedited Registry Security Request Process Posted

1 October 2009 | The Expedited Registry Security Request (ERSR) is the result of a collaborative effort between ICANN and gTLD registries to develop a process for quick action in cases where gTLD registries: inform ICANN of a present or imminent security incident to their TLD and/or the DNS; and request a contractual waiver for actions they might take or have taken to mitigate or eliminate the incident.

Proposed Final Implementation Plan: IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process

30 September 2009 | ICANN is pleased to announce the public posting of the Proposed Final Implementation Plan for the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process. The IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process is an important step at making the Internet equally accessible for everyone.

The Affirmation of Commitments – What it Means

30 September 2009 | The Affirmation of Commitments places beyond doubt that the ICANN model is best equipped to coordinate this vital resource and places reviews of ICANN's performance in the hands of the community.

Application Round Opens for Nairobi Meeting Fellowships

29 September 2009 | ICANN has launched the ninth round of fellowship program applications for its 37th International Public Meeting to be held in Nairobi, Kenya from 7-12 March 2010.

Ask a Question Direct to the Board in Seoul

29 September 2009 | An online question box where community members can ask questions directly to the ICANN Board and staff has opened.

Proposals Sought to Provide Costs and Feasibility to Conduct WHOIS Misuse Studies

28 September 2009 | ICANN is seeking to engage independent research organizations to undertake one or more proposed WHOIS Misuse studies.

Upcoming Events

25 - 30 October 2009: 36th International Public ICANN Meeting - Seoul, South Korea

7 - 12 March 2010: 37th International Public ICANN Meeting - Nairobi, Kenya


ICANN Bylaws

Our bylaws are very important to us. They capture our mission of security, stability and accessibility, and compel the organization to be open and transparent. Learn more at

Strategic Plan, July 2007 - June 2010

Adopted FY10 Operating Plan and Budget [PDF, 1.47 MB]

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."