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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 12 June 2009

News from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

New gTLD Global Events Start Soon

12 June 2009 | Starting this month, ICANN will be hosting a series of global New generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD) events in various locations around the world. These events have been designed in a wide range of formats to address different community needs for those that have an interest in the Program and in the development of the Applicant Guidebook.

ICANN Sends Notice of Breach to Registrar

11 June 2009 | ICANN sent a notice of breach to ICANN-accredited registrar Lead Networks Domains Pvt. Ltd. based on Lead Networks Domains Pvt. Ltd.'s failure to comply with the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy ("UDRP") and Registrar Accreditation Agreement ("RAA").

New gTLD Program Updates

10 June 2009 | ICANN offers a set of announcements for public discussion as meeting in Sydney nears.

Public Comment: One & Two-Character Names in dot-travel

10 June 2009 | A new public comment period opens for 30 days on a proposed amendment from Tralliance to Appendix 6 and 7 of the dot-travel Registry Agreement.

Publication of the Final ALAC Review Working Group Report on ALAC Improvements

10 June 2009 | ICANN appointed Westlake Consulting Limited for the external review of the At-Large Advisory Committee. The WG, taking into consideration the various comments received from the Community, publishes now its Final Report on ALAC improvements, which will be submitted to the Structural Improvements Committee for consideration and submission to the Board for decision.

Presentation of the Second Interim Report of the Board Review Working Group, and Public Comment Period

9 June 2009 | ICANN appointed the Boston Consulting Group/Colin Carter & Associates to perform the external review of its Board of Directors. Following this second round of consultation the Board review WG continued its activity and presents now its second Interim Report.

Public Comments: Proposal for the Systematization of the Organizational Review Processes

9 June 2009 | The Structural Improvements Committee of the Board has — among other duties — the responsibility of 'Reviewing, and suggesting changes as warranted to, ICANN's policies and processes governing organizational review'.

Clarified Technical Name Server Checks Published

8 June 2009 | ICANN has published a revised procedure, entitled "Technical requirements for authoritative name servers", on the IANA website.

Two-Week Countdown to Sydney!

8 June 2009 | A full schedule for the meeting, including a synopsis of each session being held throughout the week, is available on the ICANN Sydney Meeting website at

New gTLDs – Final Reports Available on Competition and Pricing

6 June 2009 | ICANN posted two reports relating to the introduction of new gTLDs, both by Dr. Dennis Carlton.

Upcoming Events

21 - 26 June 2009: 35th International Public ICANN Meeting - Sydney, Australia


ICANN Bylaws

Our bylaws are very important to us. They capture our mission of security, stability and accessibility, and compel the organization to be open and transparent. Learn more at

Strategic Plan, July 2007 - June 2010

Adopted FY09 Operating Plan and Budget [PDF, 489 KB]

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."