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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 5 December 2008

News from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

Call for Expressions of Interest for Nom Com Assessment Provider

5 December 2008 | ICANN seeks an organization capable of interviewing and helping to initially assess candidates for ICANN leadership positions.

More Time and Additional Materials Posted for Applicant Guidebook

3 December 2008 | ICANN is extending the New gTLDs Applicant Guidebook public comment deadline until December 15. The new deadline applies to the English posting only. For the remaining languages the deadline is still January 7.

IPv4 Global Policy Proposal Updated

2 December 2008

Apply now to join the Board and Councils (2009 NomCom)

2 December 2008 | ICANN's Nominating Committee invites Statements of Interest and candidate recommendations from the Internet community as it seeks qualified candidates to assist in the organization's technical and policy coordination role.

Public comment: Latest Version of Strategic Plan

1 December 2008 | ICANN is seeking comments from the community on the latest version of the strategic plan.

Upcoming Events

1 - 6 March 2009: 34rd International Public ICANN Meeting - Mexico City, Mexico


ICANN Bylaws

Our bylaws are very important to us. They capture our mission of security, stability and accessibility, and compel the organization to be open and transparent. Learn more at

Strategic Plan, July 2007 - June 2010

Adopted FY09 Operating Plan and Budget [PDF, 489 KB]

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."