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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 15 June 2007

A weekly electronic newsletter from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

ICANN Posts Translated Proposed 2007-08 Budget (Version 1)

13 May 2007 | The ICANN proposed Budget for fiscal year 2007-08 has been translated and will be available to view in the French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic and Chinese languages.

Advisory Regarding Venue for October 2007 Meeting

11 May 2007 | ICANN advises that the Los Angeles Airport Hilton has been selected as the venue for the third public meeting of 2007, scheduled for 29 October through 2 November. ICANN is serving as the local host for this meeting and the website with information regarding booking of guest rooms will be available during the upcoming San Juan public meeting. Questions regarding the venue and inquiries regarding sponsorship opportunities at this meeting should be directed to

ICANN Featured Individual: Yoshiko Chong, IANA Project Specialist

Yoshiko Chong joined ICANN in January 2006 as an IANA Project Specialist. She works primarily in the area of Internet Drafts. She holds a BS degree in Computer Science from the University of New Mexico. In 1995 she became the first Hostmaster for APNIC (Asia-Pacific Network Information Center) and worked until APNIC moved to AU in 1998. In 1999 she joined JPNIC (Japan Network Information Center) in the capacity of Chief Assistant Manager of the IP Address and International Division. From 2001 to 2002 she was the Manager of the Business Planning Department at Mobile Internet Services, Inc, an Internet startup company. From 2003 to 2005, she worked as an Assistant Researcher for NICT (National Institute of Information and Communications Technology) in Japan.

Upcoming Events

25 - 29 June 2007 -- ICANN Meeting, San Juan, Puerto Rico


ICANN Bylaws

Our bylaws are very important to us. They capture our mission of security, stability and accessibility, and compel the organization to be open and transparent. Learn more at

Strategic Plan, July 2007 - June 2010

Operating Plan (Draft) Fiscal Year 2007 - 2008

Adopted Budget Fiscal Year 2006 - 2007 [PDF, 172 KB]

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."