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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 13 October 2006

A weekly electronic newsletter from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

ICANN Allocates IPv6 Address Blocks to the Five Regional Internet Registries

12 October 2006 | On Tuesday October 3, ICANN through its Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) allocated large blocks of IPv6 address spaces to each of the five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) to promote the efficient assignment of those address spaces to the RIRs' customers.

Review and Recommendations for Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs)

11 October 2006 | ICANN welcomes the recently announced Request for Comments (RFC4690) from the Internet Architecture Board (IAB).

Spamhaus Litigation Update

10 October 2006 | ICANN has been advised that a Proposed Order referencing ICANN has been submitted to the court in the matter entitled e360Insight, LLC et al. v. The Spamhaus Project, Case No. 06 CV 3958. This lawsuit is currently pending in the United States District Court, Northern District of Illinois.

ICANN Announces New Staff Appointments

9 October 2006 | ICANN is pleased to announce the following new staff appointment joining the Global Partnership's regional liaison network. This appointment demonstrates ICANN's continued commitment to build on existing outreach and support the increasing international participation in ICANN and efficiency of the ICANN multi- stakeholder environment. Savenaca Vocea: ICANN Global Partnership -- Australasia/Pacific Islands Liaison

ICANN in the News

Listed below are some key media mentions involving ICANN over the course of the last week.

Spamhaus Case Could Cause ICANN Crisis (Computerworld)

12 October 2006

Illinois Court Cans Spamhaus (MSNBC)

12 October 2006

Globalising Governance (The Guardian)

11 October 2006

Warning Over 'Broken Up' Internet (BBC News)

11 October 2006 Faces Threat to Its Domain Name (CNET News)

10 October 2006

Web's Naming Body Barters Away Privacy (Toronto Star)

9 October 2006

ICANN Featured Outreach and Participation

This space is intended as an area for ICANN staff and board members to highlight their latest efforts and activities.

Major Upcoming Events

26 October: ccTLD Workshop in Sofia, Bulgaria

31 October 2006: IGF Meeting in Athens, Greece, "Towards A Multilingual Global Internet: Avoiding the Risk of Fragmentation." Organized by the Egyptian Government, UNESCO, and ICANN.

2 – 8 December 2006: ICANN Meeting in São Paulo, Brazil

ICANN Bylaws

Our bylaws are very important to us. They capture our mission of security, stability and accessibility, and compel the organization to be open and transparent. Learn more at

Strategic Plan

July 2006 — June 2009

Operating Plan (Draft)

Fiscal Year 2006 — 07

Proposed Budget

Fiscal Year 2006 — 2007

2 — 8 December 2006 — ICANN Meeting, São Paulo, Brazil

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."