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.guardian Monthly Registry Reports

For contractual reasons, registry Report monthly reports are withheld until three months after the end of the month to which the report relates.

Registry Month Year Report File
guardian February 2023 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202302-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian February 2023 Activity Report guardian-activity-202302-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian January 2023 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202301-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian January 2023 Activity Report guardian-activity-202301-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian December 2022 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202212-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian December 2022 Activity Report guardian-activity-202212-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian November 2022 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202211-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian November 2022 Activity Report guardian-activity-202211-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian October 2022 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202210-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian October 2022 Activity Report guardian-activity-202210-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian September 2022 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202209-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian September 2022 Activity Report guardian-activity-202209-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian August 2022 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202208-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian August 2022 Activity Report guardian-activity-202208-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian July 2022 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202207-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian July 2022 Activity Report guardian-activity-202207-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian June 2022 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202206-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian June 2022 Activity Report guardian-activity-202206-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian May 2022 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202205-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian May 2022 Activity Report guardian-activity-202205-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian April 2022 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202204-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian April 2022 Activity Report guardian-activity-202204-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian March 2022 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202203-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian March 2022 Activity Report guardian-activity-202203-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian February 2022 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202202-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian February 2022 Activity Report guardian-activity-202202-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian January 2022 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202201-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian January 2022 Activity Report guardian-activity-202201-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian December 2021 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202112-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian December 2021 Activity Report guardian-activity-202112-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian November 2021 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202111-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian November 2021 Activity Report guardian-activity-202111-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian October 2021 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202110-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian October 2021 Activity Report guardian-activity-202110-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian September 2021 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202109-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian September 2021 Activity Report guardian-activity-202109-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian August 2021 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202108-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian August 2021 Activity Report guardian-activity-202108-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian July 2021 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202107-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian July 2021 Activity Report guardian-activity-202107-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian June 2021 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202106-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian June 2021 Activity Report guardian-activity-202106-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian May 2021 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202105-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian May 2021 Activity Report guardian-activity-202105-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian April 2021 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202104-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian April 2021 Activity Report guardian-activity-202104-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian March 2021 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202103-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian March 2021 Activity Report guardian-activity-202103-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian February 2021 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202102-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian February 2021 Activity Report guardian-activity-202102-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian January 2021 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202101-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian January 2021 Activity Report guardian-activity-202101-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian December 2020 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202012-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian December 2020 Activity Report guardian-activity-202012-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian November 2020 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202011-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian November 2020 Activity Report guardian-activity-202011-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian October 2020 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202010-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian October 2020 Activity Report guardian-activity-202010-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian September 2020 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202009-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian September 2020 Activity Report guardian-activity-202009-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian August 2020 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202008-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian August 2020 Activity Report guardian-activity-202008-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian July 2020 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202007-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian July 2020 Activity Report guardian-activity-202007-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian June 2020 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202006-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian June 2020 Activity Report guardian-activity-202006-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian May 2020 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202005-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian May 2020 Activity Report guardian-activity-202005-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian April 2020 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202004-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian April 2020 Activity Report guardian-activity-202004-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian March 2020 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202003-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian March 2020 Activity Report guardian-activity-202003-en [CSV, 858 bytes]
guardian February 2020 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202002-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian February 2020 Activity Report guardian-activity-202002-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian January 2020 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-202001-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian January 2020 Activity Report guardian-activity-202001-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian December 2019 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201912-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian December 2019 Activity Report guardian-activity-201912-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian November 2019 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201911-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian November 2019 Activity Report guardian-activity-201911-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian October 2019 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201910-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian October 2019 Activity Report guardian-activity-201910-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian September 2019 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201909-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian September 2019 Activity Report guardian-activity-201909-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian August 2019 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201908-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian August 2019 Activity Report guardian-activity-201908-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian July 2019 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201907-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian July 2019 Activity Report guardian-activity-201907-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian June 2019 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201906-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian June 2019 Activity Report guardian-activity-201906-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian May 2019 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201905-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian May 2019 Activity Report guardian-activity-201905-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian April 2019 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201904-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian April 2019 Activity Report guardian-activity-201904-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian March 2019 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201903-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian March 2019 Activity Report guardian-activity-201903-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian February 2019 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201902-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian February 2019 Activity Report guardian-activity-201902-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian January 2019 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201901-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian January 2019 Activity Report guardian-activity-201901-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian December 2018 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201812-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian December 2018 Activity Report guardian-activity-201812-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian November 2018 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201811-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian November 2018 Activity Report guardian-activity-201811-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian October 2018 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201810-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian October 2018 Activity Report guardian-activity-201810-en [CSV, 857 bytes]
guardian September 2018 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201809-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian September 2018 Activity Report guardian-activity-201809-en [CSV, 853 bytes]
guardian August 2018 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201808-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian August 2018 Activity Report guardian-activity-201808-en [CSV, 852 bytes]
guardian July 2018 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201807-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian July 2018 Activity Report guardian-activity-201807-en [CSV, 852 bytes]
guardian June 2018 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201806-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian June 2018 Activity Report guardian-activity-201806-en [CSV, 855 bytes]
guardian May 2018 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201805-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian May 2018 Activity Report guardian-activity-201805-en [CSV, 855 bytes]
guardian April 2018 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201804-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian April 2018 Activity Report guardian-activity-201804-en [CSV, 852 bytes]
guardian March 2018 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201803-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian March 2018 Activity Report guardian-activity-201803-en [CSV, 852 bytes]
guardian February 2018 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201802-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian February 2018 Activity Report guardian-activity-201802-en [CSV, 852 bytes]
guardian January 2018 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201801-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian January 2018 Activity Report guardian-activity-201801-en [CSV, 852 bytes]
guardian December 2017 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201712-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian December 2017 Activity Report guardian-activity-201712-en [CSV, 852 bytes]
guardian November 2017 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201711-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian November 2017 Activity Report guardian-activity-201711-en [CSV, 852 bytes]
guardian October 2017 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201710-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian October 2017 Activity Report guardian-activity-201710-en [CSV, 852 bytes]
guardian September 2017 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201709-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian September 2017 Activity Report guardian-activity-201709-en [CSV, 852 bytes]
guardian August 2017 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201708-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian August 2017 Activity Report guardian-activity-201708-en [CSV, 852 bytes]
guardian July 2017 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201707-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian July 2017 Activity Report guardian-activity-201707-en [CSV, 852 bytes]
guardian June 2017 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201706-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian June 2017 Activity Report guardian-activity-201706-en [CSV, 898 bytes]
guardian May 2017 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201705-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian May 2017 Activity Report guardian-activity-201705-en [CSV, 898 bytes]
guardian April 2017 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201704-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian April 2017 Activity Report guardian-activity-201704-en [CSV, 898 bytes]
guardian March 2017 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201703-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian March 2017 Activity Report guardian-activity-201703-en [CSV, 899 bytes]
guardian February 2017 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201702-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian February 2017 Activity Report guardian-activity-201702-en [CSV, 899 bytes]
guardian January 2017 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201701-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian January 2017 Activity Report guardian-activity-201701-en [CSV, 899 bytes]
guardian December 2016 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201612-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian December 2016 Activity Report guardian-activity-201612-en [CSV, 904 bytes]
guardian November 2016 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201611-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian November 2016 Activity Report guardian-activity-201611-en [CSV, 903 bytes]
guardian October 2016 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201610-en [CSV, 1.1 KB]
guardian October 2016 Activity Report guardian-activity-201610-en [CSV, 903 bytes]
guardian September 2016 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201609-en [CSV, 981 bytes]
guardian September 2016 Activity Report guardian-activity-201609-en [CSV, 903 bytes]
guardian August 2016 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201608-en [CSV, 981 bytes]
guardian August 2016 Activity Report guardian-activity-201608-en [CSV, 903 bytes]
guardian July 2016 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201607-en [CSV, 981 bytes]
guardian July 2016 Activity Report guardian-activity-201607-en [CSV, 903 bytes]
guardian June 2016 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201606-en [CSV, 981 bytes]
guardian June 2016 Activity Report guardian-activity-201606-en [CSV, 899 bytes]
guardian May 2016 Transactions Report guardian-transactions-201605-en [CSV, 981 bytes]
guardian May 2016 Activity Report guardian-activity-201605-en [CSV, 900 bytes]
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."