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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 10 January 2014

News from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

Second Accountability and Transparency Review Team (ATRT 2) Final Report & Recommendations

9 January 2014 | As prescribed by the Affirmation of Commitments, the Second Accountability and Transparency Review Team (ATRT2) submitted its Final Report and Recommendations to the ICANN Board of Directors and this document is now posted for public comment.

Draft Criteria and Process for Selection of Multistakeholder Ethos Award Pilot Program

6 January 2014 | ICANN invites comments on the draft criteria and evaluation process for a pilot award program to recognize ICANN community participants for both multistakeholder collaboration efforts as well as years of service.

WEBINAR: ICANN Strategy Panel on ICANN's Role in the Internet Governance Ecosystem

6 January 2014 | You are invited to an update on the activities of the Strategy Panel on ICANN's Role in the Internet Governance Ecosystem. ICANN Strategy Panels' work will inform ICANN's new, overarching vision and five-year strategic plan.

Upcoming Events

23-27 March 2014: 49th International Public ICANN Meeting – Singapore


ICANN Bylaws

Our bylaws are very important to us. They capture our mission of security, stability and accessibility, and compel the organization to be open and transparent. Learn more at

Strategic Plan, 2012 - 2015

Adopted FY14 Operating Plan and Budget

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."