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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 30 March 2012

News from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

Update on New gTLD Batching

30 March 2012 | ICANN has developed a system for the batching of applications for new generic top-level domains (gTLDs) if required. According to the Applicant Guidebook if the number of applications significantly exceeds 500, applications will be processed in batches.

ICANN Nominating Committee Extends Deadline for Statements of Interest to 16 April 2012

30 March 2012 | In order to provide additional time for candidates to apply, ICANN's 2012 Nominating Committee has extended the deadline for Statements of Interest until 16 April 2012 at 23:59 UTC.

New gTLD Registration Closed Today

29 March 2012 | The window has closed for anyone planning to apply for a new gTLD to register and submit a TLD application request.

.com Registry Agreement Renewal

27 March 2012 | ICANN has posted for public comment Verisign's proposed agreement for renewal of the 2006 .com Registry Agreement between ICANN and Verisign.

Upcoming Events

24 - 29 June 2012: 44th International Public ICANN Meeting - Prague


ICANN Bylaws

Our bylaws are very important to us. They capture our mission of security, stability and accessibility, and compel the organization to be open and transparent. Learn more at

Strategic Plan, 2011 - 2014

Adopted FY12 Operating Plan and Budget

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."