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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 16 March 2012

News from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

Board–GAC Working Group Announces Implementation of ATRT Recommendations on GAC Advice and GAC Advice Register

16 March 2012 | At the ICANN 43 Meeting in San Jose, Costa Rica, the Board-GAC Recommendation Implementation Working Group (BGRI-WG) met to review efforts to implement the Accountability and Transparency Review Team's (ATRT) GAC-related recommendations.

Notice of Extension of ICANN Comment Period: IDN Variant Issues Project – Proposed Project Plan

16 March 2012 | In response to comments made by participants at the ICANN public meeting in Costa Rica, ICANN has extended this public comment period for 21 days until 8 April 2012.

Review of the ASO

16 March 2012 | ITEMS International, a consultancy engaged by the NRO to undertake an independent review of the ASO, has delivered its final report.

Security, Stability & Resiliency of the DNS Review Team (SSR RT) - Draft Report

15 March 2012 | The SSR Review Team is publishing its Draft Report and Recommendations for public comment to inform the Review Team's work in producing a Final Report.

Global Policy Proposal Recovered IPv4 Address Space

14 March 2012 | A Global Policy Proposal has been received for ratification by the ICANN Board. Comments are invited to inform the ICANN Board prior to the its decision.

ICANN Signs Accountability Framework with ccTLD Manager for Curacao (.CW)

13 March 2012 | ICANN announced today that it signed an Accountability Framework with the country code Top Level Domain (ccTLD) manager for .CW (Curacao), Universiteit van de Nederlandse Antillen (UNA), on 12 March 2012.

Costa Rica President Laura Chinchilla Says The Internet is a Source of Hope, Not a Threat [PDF, 286 KB]

12 March 2012 | San José, Costa Rica… Addressing the ICANN Public Meeting in San Jose, Costa Rica's 49th President, Laura Chinchilla said, "The Internet is the hope of an integrated world without frontiers, a common world without controlling owners, a world of opportunities and equality. This is a utopia that we have been dreaming about and is a world in which each and every one of us are protagonists of a destiny that we have in our hands."

ICANN Board Conflicts of Interest Review - Revised Conflicts of Interest Policy and Related Governance Documents

11 March 2012 | ICANN is opening this public comment forum to receive comment on revisions to the Board Conflicts of Interest Policy, Code of Conduct and Expected Standards of Behavior as well as a proposed Corporate Governance Guidelines prepared as part of ICANN's ongoing review of its Conflicts of Interest and Ethics practices.

ICANN Seeks Expressions of Interest for Review of Accountability Mechanisms

11 March 2012 | The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is seeking expressions of interest to serve on a committee of independent experts to review ICANN's Accountability Mechanisms.

Costa Rica President Laura Chinchilla to Address ICANN Public Meeting

10 March 2012 | Costa Rica's 49th President, Laura Chinchilla, will address the opening session of ICANN's public meeting when it convenes in San Jose on Monday, 12 March.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."