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ICANN Newsletter | Week ending 20 August 2010

News from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Announcements This Week

Call for Statements of Interests for Candidates for Post of ICANN Board Seat Extended to September 6, 2010

20 August 2010 | The Call for Statements of Interest (SOIs) for Candidates for the Post of ICANN Board Seat has been extended to September 6.

FY11 Travel Support Guidelines Version 1 Now Posted

17 August 2010 | ICANN is issuing Version 1 of the FY11 Travel Support Guidelines so that some of these comments can be further researched and potentially implemented, where appropriate, by the Constituency Travel team later this year.

Accountability and Transparency Review Team – Independent Expert Case Studies

16 August 2010 | The Accountability and Transparency Review Team (ATRT) announced the selection of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society (Berkman) as an Independent Expert to assist its review under the Affirmation of Commitments (AoC).

Upcoming Events

5 - 10 December 2010: 39th International ICANN Meeting - Cartagena, Colombia


ICANN Bylaws

Our bylaws are very important to us. They capture our mission of security, stability and accessibility, and compel the organization to be open and transparent. Learn more at

Strategic Plan, 2010 - 2013

Adopted FY11 Operating Plan and Budget

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."