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Moises Cirilo

United States of America

Lead Infrastructure Engineer

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Berry Cobb

United States of America

Senior Program Manager, Policy Development Support

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Sally Newell Cohen

United States of America

SVP, Global Communications and Language Services

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Isabelle Colas

United States of America

Policy Research Senior Specialist

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Steve Conte

United States of America

Senior Director, IROS Operations

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Jim Cook

United States of America

Technical Lead, Software Engineering

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Eduardo Corzo

United States of America

Senior Infrastructure Engineer 1

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Sally Costerton

Sr. Advisor to President and SVP, Global Stakeholder Engagement & Interim President and CEO

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Pamela Howard MBA CPA

United States of America

Performance Measurement and Reporting Senior Manager, Contractual Compliance

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John Crain

United States of America

Senior Vice President and Chief Technology Officer

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Mia Crampton

Internal Communications Director

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Amy Creamer

United States of America

Senior Project Manager

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Yvette Dacuycuy

United States of America

Governance Ops Support Senior Coordinator

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Sagbo Pierre Dandjinou

VP, Stakeholder Engagement - Africa

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Albert Daniels

Saint Lucia

Stakeholder Engagement Senior Manager - Caribbean

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Alex Dans


Communications Director, the Americas

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Kim Davies

VP, IANA Services and President, PTI

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Jonathan Denison

United States of America

Director, Contractual Compliance

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Jean-Baptiste Deroulez


Review Support and Accountability Associate Project Manager

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Maeva Devoto


GE Operations Coordinator

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Chantelle Doerksen

United States of America

Policy Development Support Specialist

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Jessie Doherty

Senior Language Expert - Head Interpreter

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David Dong

United States of America

IANA Services Specialist

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Kyle Dunst

Director, Relationship & Delivery Management

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Alain Durand


Distinguished Technologist

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Désirée Van Dyk


Executive Assistant

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Peter Eakin

United States of America

Policy Research Specialist

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Dean Edwards

United States of America

Director, Relationship & Delivery Management

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Harel Efraim

Principal Software Architect

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Samantha Eisner

United States of America

Deputy General Counsel

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Alperen Eken

Policy Development Support Senior Analyst

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Teresa Andrea Elias

United States of America

Director, Governance Operations Support

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Pete Elsesser

United States of America

End User Support 2

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Shane Emery

United States of America

Senior Software Engineer 1

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Evin Ashley Erdoğdu

United States of America

Review Support & Accountability Project Manager

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Jared Erwin

United States of America

Director- Policy Research & Stakeholder Programs

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Deborah Escalera

United States of America

Next Generation Program Manager

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Baher Esmat

VP, Stakeholder Engagement - Middle East and Managing Director Middle East and Africa

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Sandra Espinoza

United States of America

Billing, Accounts Receivable and Collections Specialist III

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Eric Evrard


Senior End User Support 2

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Benjamin Farine


Lead Infrastructure Engineer - DNS

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Negar Farzinnia

United States of America

Director Implementation Operations

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Lamar Faulkner

United States of America

Director, Global Support

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Laurent Ferrali


Government and IGO Engagement Senior Director

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Amanda Fessenden

United States of America

Director, GDD Services

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Daniel Fink


Stakeholder Engagement Director - Brazil

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Iwan de Fluiter

Türkiye, Republic of

Regional Security Director – Europe, Middle East, and Africa

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Aaron Foley

United States of America

Senior Cryptographic Key Manager

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."