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Heidi Ullrich

VP, Policy Development & At-Large Relations

United States of America

Forum Profile

Biography

Dr. Heidi Ullrich is VP, Policy Development and At-Large Relations. In her role as the Policy Department Team Leader for the At-Large Policy support staff, Heidi's responsibilities include advisory, analytical and managerial activities related to the global policy advice development of the At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) and the At-Large community. She joined ICANN in 2008.

Heidi has also worked with the ICANN Academy community organizers to implement the successful Academy Leadership Program, Chairing Skills Program and Intercultural Awareness Program.

Prior to joining ICANN, Heidi had extensive management and research experience including successfully leading global economic development and trade programs at Consumers International and the International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development. Heidi also served as a lecturer at the London School of Economics and University of Southampton and as a policy analyst for the University of Toronto G7/G20 Research Group. She has held research positions at the US Mission to the World Trade Organization in Geneva and with the European Commission and the European Parliament in Brussels.

Heidi received her PhD from the London School of Economics. She recently completed a Certificate in Global Management from INSEAD in Fontainebleau, France.

She is based in Southern California.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."