Skip to main content

Explore profiles

Profile image for Laena Rahim

Laena Rahim


Regional Counsel, APAC

Profile image for Laura Ramirez

Laura Ramirez

United States of America

Sr. Meeting Planner

Profile image for Erika Randall

Erika Randall

Associate General Counsel

Profile image for Ashwin Rangan

Ashwin Rangan

United States of America

SVP Engineering & Chief Information Officer


Profile image for Simon Raveh

Simon Raveh

United States of America

VP, Software Engineering

Profile image for Isabella Reber

Isabella Reber

United States of America

Administrative Assistant

Profile image for Joseph Restuccia

Joseph Restuccia

United States of America

Contractual Compliance Risk & Audit Senior Specialist

Profile image for Peg Rettino

Peg Rettino

United States of America

Project Specialist & Executive Assistant

Profile image for Carlos Reyes

Carlos Reyes

United States of America

Director, Strategic Policy Planning

Profile image for Rachel Reyes

Rachel Reyes

End User Support

Profile image for Hedwig Ringoot

Hedwig Ringoot


HR Manager, EMEA

Profile image for Juan Robles

Juan Robles

United States of America

Delivery Manager/Solution Architect

Profile image for Christina Rodriguez

Christina Rodriguez

United States of America

Sr. Director, Language Services

Civil SocietyDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

Profile image for Cynthia Roman

Cynthia Roman

United States of America

Accounts Payable Specialist II

Profile image for Amanda Rose

Amanda Rose

United States of America

Contractual Compliance Lead

Profile image for Noah Ross

Noah Ross

United States of America

Technical Lead, Software Engineering

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

Profile image for Benedetta Rossi

Benedetta Rossi


GAC Advice and Policy Support Senior Manager

Profile image for Shauna Royston

Shauna Royston

United States of America

Senior Product Manager

Profile image for Danielle Rutherford

Danielle Rutherford

United States of America

Technology and Policy Specialist

Profile image for Ozan Sahin

Ozan Sahin


Policy Specialist

Profile image for Masoud Sahraian

Masoud Sahraian

Lead QA Engineer

Profile image for Seman Said

Seman Said

United States of America

Software Developer - IANA Services

Profile image for Maya Saito

Maya Saito

Sr. Meeting Planner & Operation Analyst

Profile image for Marc Salvatierra

Marc Salvatierra

United States of America

Senior Manager, Web Content Operations

DNS MarketplaceTechnology

Profile image for George Sarkisyan

George Sarkisyan

United States of America

IANA Services Sr. Specialist

Profile image for Sara Sarraf

Sara Sarraf

United States of America

Executive Assistant

Profile image for Naela Sarras

Naela Sarras

VP, Stakeholder Engagement - North America

Profile image for Hina Sattar

Hina Sattar

Global Support Analyst III

Profile image for Rodrigo Saucedo

Rodrigo Saucedo

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

Strategic Initiatives - Latin America & Caribbean, Senior Manager

Profile image for Lisa Saulino

Lisa Saulino

United States of America

Board Operations Specialist

Profile image for David Saxa

David Saxa

United States of America

Implementation Project Analyst


Profile image for Gabriella Schittek

Gabriella Schittek


Global Stakeholder Engagement Senior Manager – Nordic & Central Europe

Profile image for Jennifer Scott

Jennifer Scott

United States of America

Senior Counsel

Profile image for Shawn Seah

Shawn Seah


Global Support Analyst

Profile image for Mark Segall

Mark Segall

United States of America

Director, Community Collaboration Solutions Delivery

Profile image for Vivek SenGupta

Vivek SenGupta

United States of America

Director of Procurement

Developing WorldTechnology

Profile image for Jane Sexton

Jane Sexton

United States of America

Communications Coordinator

Profile image for Hope Shafer

Hope Shafer

Lead Operations Analyst

Profile image for Shruti Shah

Shruti Shah

United States of America

Senior Developer

Profile image for Charla Shambley

Charla Shambley

United States of America

Manager, Multistakeholder Strategy and Strategic Initiatives - Operations

Profile image for Kristina Shelebian

Kristina Shelebian

Executive Assistant to the CEO

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."