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Laena Rahim

Singapore

Regional Counsel, APAC

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Laura Ramirez

United States of America

Sr. Meeting Planner

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Erika Randall

Associate General Counsel

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Ashwin Rangan

United States of America

SVP Engineering & Chief Information Officer

Technology

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Simon Raveh

United States of America

VP, Software Engineering

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Isabella Reber

United States of America

Administrative Assistant

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Joseph Restuccia

United States of America

Contractual Compliance Risk & Audit Senior Specialist

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Peg Rettino

United States of America

Project Specialist & Executive Assistant

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Carlos Reyes

United States of America

Director, Strategic Policy Planning

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Rachel Reyes

End User Support

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Hedwig Ringoot

Belgium

HR Manager, EMEA

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Juan Robles

United States of America

Delivery Manager/Solution Architect

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Christina Rodriguez

United States of America

Sr. Director, Language Services

Civil SocietyDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Cynthia Roman

United States of America

Accounts Payable Specialist II

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Amanda Rose

United States of America

Contractual Compliance Lead

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Noah Ross

United States of America

Technical Lead, Software Engineering

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Benedetta Rossi

France

GAC Advice and Policy Support Senior Manager

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Shauna Royston

United States of America

Senior Product Manager

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Danielle Rutherford

United States of America

Technology and Policy Specialist

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Ozan Sahin

Turkey

Policy Specialist

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Masoud Sahraian

Lead QA Engineer

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Seman Said

United States of America

Software Developer - IANA Services

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Maya Saito

Sr. Meeting Planner & Operation Analyst

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Marc Salvatierra

United States of America

Senior Manager, Web Content Operations

DNS MarketplaceTechnology

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George Sarkisyan

United States of America

IANA Services Sr. Specialist

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Sara Sarraf

United States of America

Executive Assistant

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Naela Sarras

VP, Stakeholder Engagement - North America

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Hina Sattar

Global Support Analyst III

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Rodrigo Saucedo

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

Strategic Initiatives - Latin America & Caribbean, Senior Manager

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Lisa Saulino

United States of America

Board Operations Specialist

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David Saxa

United States of America

Implementation Project Analyst

GovernmentTechnology

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Gabriella Schittek

Poland

Global Stakeholder Engagement Senior Manager – Nordic & Central Europe

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Jennifer Scott

United States of America

Senior Counsel

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Shawn Seah

Singapore

Global Support Analyst

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Mark Segall

United States of America

Director, Community Collaboration Solutions Delivery

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Vivek SenGupta

United States of America

Director of Procurement

Developing WorldTechnology

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Jane Sexton

United States of America

Communications Coordinator

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Hope Shafer

Lead Operations Analyst

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Shruti Shah

United States of America

Senior Developer

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Charla Shambley

United States of America

Manager, Multistakeholder Strategy and Strategic Initiatives - Operations

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Kristina Shelebian

Executive Assistant to the CEO

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."