Skip to main content

Explore profiles

Profile image for Nathalie Peregrine

Nathalie Peregrine

France

Community Operations Senior Manager

Profile image for Wendy Profit

Wendy Profit

United States of America

Board Operations Sr. Manager

Profile image for Reed Quinn

Reed Quinn

United States of America

Senior Manager, Data Center & Cloud Operations

Profile image for Laura Ramirez

Laura Ramirez

United States of America

Events Senior Manager

Profile image for Erika Randall

Erika Randall

United States of America

Associate General Counsel

Profile image for Benedetta Rossi

Benedetta Rossi

France

Policy Development Support Director (GAC)

Profile image for Seher Sagiroglu

Seher Sagiroglu

Türkiye, Republic of

Stakeholder Engagement Sr. Specialist- Middle East and Africa

Profile image for Masood Sahraian

Masood Sahraian

United States of America

Staff Software Engineer, QA Automation

Profile image for Gabriella Schittek

Gabriella Schittek

Poland

Stakeholder Engagement Director, Nordic & Central Europe

Profile image for Vivek Sengupta

Vivek Sengupta

United States of America

Sr. Director, Procurement

Profile image for Hope Shafer

Hope Shafer

United States of America

Lead Operations Analyst

Profile image for Charla Shambley

Charla Shambley

United States of America

Sr. Manager Operations, Service Delivery & Support

Profile image for Steve Sheng

Steve Sheng

United States of America

Sr. Director, Policy Development Support & Technical Community Relations

Profile image for Maya Smundak

Maya Smundak

United States of America

Senior Language Expert - Head Interpreter

Profile image for Darrel Spearman

Darrel Spearman

United States of America

Sr. Director, Administrative Services & Facilities

Profile image for Amy Stathos

Amy Stathos

United States of America

Deputy General Counsel

Profile image for Yan Sun

Yan Sun

United States of America

Sr. Software Engineer 1

Profile image for Theresa Swinehart

Theresa Swinehart

United States of America

SVP, Global Domains & Strategy

Profile image for Michelle Takamoto

Michelle Takamoto

United States of America

Global Sr. HR Business Partner

Profile image for Liana Teo

Liana Teo

Singapore

Head of Communications - Asia Pacific

Profile image for Caitlin Tubergen

Caitlin Tubergen

United States of America

Policy Development Support Director (GNSO)

Profile image for Heidi Ullrich

Heidi Ullrich

United States of America

VP, Policy Development & At-Large Relations

Profile image for Maria Vilardo

Maria Vilardo

France

Senior Language Expert - Head Interpreter

Profile image for Silvia Vivanco

Silvia Vivanco

United States of America

Policy Development Support Senior Manager (At Large Regional Affairs)

Profile image for Russ Weinstein

Russ Weinstein

United States of America

VP GDD Accounts and Services

Profile image for Champika Wijayatunga

Champika Wijayatunga

Australia

Regional Technical Engagement Sr. Manager

Profile image for Mary Wong

Mary Wong

United States of America

Vice President, Strategic Policy Management

Profile image for Victoria Yang

Victoria Yang

United States of America

Planning Sr Manager

Profile image for Bill Ziemniak

Bill Ziemniak

United States of America

Facilities Assistant Manager

Profile image for Larisa Gurnick

Larisa Gurnick

United States of America

VP, Reviews Operations & Accountability

Profile image for Liane Champagne-Freitag

Liane Champagne-Freitag

United States of America

Lead Product Manager

Profile image for Mert Saka

Mert Saka

Türkiye, Republic of

GDD Accounts Senior Manager

Profile image for Howard Li

Howard Li

China

GDD Programs Director

Profile image for Edward Lewis

Edward Lewis

United States of America

Sr. Technologist

Profile image for Ergys Ramaj

Ergys Ramaj

United States of America

VP, Public Responsibility Support

Profile image for Rachel Reyes

Rachel Reyes

Singapore

Sr. Information Security Engineer

Profile image for Aysegul Tekce

Aysegul Tekce

Türkiye, Republic of

GDD Accounts Senior Manager

Profile image for Jin Zhang

Jin Zhang

United States of America

Staff Software Engineer

Profile image for Justin Caton

Justin Caton

United States of America

Copywriter

Profile image for Dickson Chew

Dickson Chew

Singapore

Contractual Compliance Specialist

Profile image for Alperen Eken

Alperen Eken

Netherlands

Policy Development Support Senior Analyst

Profile image for Fabien Betremieux

Fabien Betremieux

United States of America

Policy Development Support Director (GAC)

Profile image for Grant Nakata

Grant Nakata

United States of America

Senior Manager, GDD Services

Profile image for Vara Kasaraneni

Vara Kasaraneni

United States of America

Lead Product Manager

Profile image for Dimitris Zacharias

Dimitris Zacharias

Belgium

Government and IGO Engagement Sr. Manager

Profile image for Zeynep Yilmaz

Zeynep Yilmaz

Türkiye, Republic of

Regional HR Manager, Middle East and Africa

Profile image for Holly Hudgins

Holly Hudgins

United States of America

Business Process Sr. Specialist

Profile image for Michelle Thangtamsatid

Michelle Thangtamsatid

United States of America

IANA Services Sr. Specialist

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."