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Shawn Seah


Global Support Analyst III

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Edman Perez

United States of America

IT Business Analytics and Intranet Services Sr. Manager

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Adiel Akplogan


VP, Technical Engagement

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Eduardo Alvarez

United States of America

Director, Technical Services Operations

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Kathy Schnitt

United States of America

Policy Operations Specialist (SSAC)

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Betsy Andrews, Ph.D.

United States of America

Online Learning Sr. Program Manager

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Alex Hutson

United States of America

Senior Program Manager

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Maryam Bakoshi

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Project Manager II

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Jia-Juh Kimoto

United States of America

Project Manager I

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Marc Salvatierra

United States of America

Sr. Product Manager 2

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Natalie Schoer

United States of America

Creative Services Manager

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Rob Hoggarth

United States of America

VP, Policy Development & GAC Relations

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Xavier Calvez

United States of America

SVP, Planning & Chief Financial Officer (CFO)

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Laura Bengford

United States of America

Director, Relationship & Delivery Management

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Carlos Reyes

United States of America

Sr. Policy Director, Community Operations and Programs

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Bart Boswinkel


VP, Policy Development & ccNSO Relations

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Patrick Jones

United States of America

VP, Global Stakeholder Engagement

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Daniel Halloran

United States of America

Deputy General Counsel and Chief Data Protection Officer

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Josh Jenkins

United States of America

Sr. Infrastructure Engineer 2 - Network

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Christina Rodriguez

United States of America

Sr. Director, Language Services

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Eleeza Agopian

United States of America

Vice President, Strategic Initiatives

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Yan Agranonik

United States of America

Sr. Manager, Contractual Compliance Risk & Audit

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Sawsan Aldawodi

United States of America

Senior Language Expert - Head Interpreter

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Steve Allison

United States of America

Director, Relationship & Delivery Management

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Francisco Arias

United States of America

VP, GDS Technical Services

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Yaovi Atohoun


Stakeholder Engagement & Operations Director - Africa

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Blessing Akinsilo

United States of America

Contractual Compliance Analyst

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Dave Martin

United States of America

GDS Technical Services Product Manager

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Neel Shah

United States of America

GDD Services Specialist

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."