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Steve Allison

United States of America

Director, Relationship & Delivery Management

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Steve Chan

United States of America

VP, Policy Development Support & GNSO Relations

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Michael Karakash

United States of America

Policy Research and Implementation Manager

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Eleeza Agopian

United States of America

Vice President, Strategic Initiatives

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Isabelle Colas

United States of America

Policy Research and Implementation Manager

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Siôn Lloyd

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Principal Security, Stability & Resiliency Specialist

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Antonietta Mangiacotti

Policy Research and Implementation Sr. Manager

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Shruti Shah

United States of America

Staff Software Engineer

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Mustafa Alrifaee


GDS Technical Services Senior Operations Engineer

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Steve Fessler

United States of America

Treasury Director

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Angela Wibawa


Government and IGO Engagement Director – APAC

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Hiromitsu Higashi


Stakeholder Engagement Regional Analyst, APAC

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Yien Chyn Tan


Stakeholder Engagement Sr. Manager, APAC

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Peter Lowe

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Regional Technical Engagement Manager

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Gavin Brown

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Technical Services Principal Engineer

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."