Skip to main content
Profile image for Mary Wong

Mary Wong

Vice President, Strategic Community Operations, Planning and Engagement

United States of America

Forum Profile

Biography

Mary Wong joined ICANN as a Senior Policy Director in 2013 and currently serves the organization as Vice President for Strategic Community Operations, Planning and Engagement. As a member of the Policy Team, Mary's responsibilities also encompass managerial, advisory, analytical and research work related to global policy development at ICANN.

Prior to joining ICANN, Mary was a tenured professor of law at a top-ten ranked intellectual property law school in the United States, where she chaired its global partnerships program and was the founding director of its flagship applied research center. She has also been associated with the technology transactions practice group of a major international law firm, where she advised American, European and Asian clients on corporate, licensing and international transactions involving Internet, intellectual property and privacy laws and policies.

Mary is a past Chair of the International Copyright Treaties & Laws Committee of the American Bar Association (ABA) and has served on the ABA's Copyright Reform Task Force as well as in a number of other public service roles in the United States and her native Singapore.

Mary has worked in Brussels, London, New York and Singapore, and holds a Bachelor of Laws degree from the National University of Singapore and a Master of Laws degree from Cambridge University in the United Kingdom. She is admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of Singapore and is a frequent speaker at academic and industry conferences around the world.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."