Skip to main content

Explore profiles

Profile image for Diana Middleton

Diana Middleton

United States of America

Program Manager

Profile image for Sudershan Minnala

Sudershan Minnala

United States of America

Sr. Manager, ERP Systems

Profile image for Anand Mishra

Anand Mishra

United States of America

Director, Relationship & Delivery Management

Profile image for James Mitchell

James Mitchell

Director, Technical Services

Profile image for Stephanie Moench

Stephanie Moench

United States of America

Sr. Manager, Global Support

Profile image for Ali Mohammadi

Ali Mohammadi

United States of America

Senior Developer - Python

Profile image for Mona


United States of America

Executive Assistant

Profile image for Christopher Mondini

Christopher Mondini


Vice President, Stakeholder Engagement & Managing Director, Europe

Profile image for Sherwood Moore

Sherwood Moore

Review Support and Accountability Senior Manager

Profile image for Alex Morshed

Alex Morshed

United States of America

Finance Manager

Profile image for Sabrina Mosquera

Sabrina Mosquera

Senior Language Expert - Head Interpreter

Profile image for Paul Muchene

Paul Muchene


Technical Engagement Specialist

Profile image for Grant Nakata

Grant Nakata

United States of America

GDD Services Senior Manager

Profile image for Becky Nash

Becky Nash

United States of America

Vice President, Planning

Profile image for Marie Ngo

Marie Ngo

United States of America

HR Manager

Profile image for Erin O'neil

Erin O'neil

United States of America

Communications Coordinator

Profile image for Bob Ochieng

Bob Ochieng


Stakeholder Engagement Senior Manager – Eastern & Southern Africa

Profile image for David Olive

David Olive

United States of America

SVP, Policy Development Support & Managing Director – Washington, D.C.

Profile image for Cassia Oliveira

Cassia Oliveira

Senior Manager, Office of the CEO

Profile image for Ria Otanes

Ria Otanes

United States of America

Travel Services Planner

Profile image for Michael Pagliuca

Michael Pagliuca

United States of America

Staff Software Engineer, QA Automation

Profile image for Krista Papac

Krista Papac

United States of America

Complaints Officer

Profile image for Rodrigo De La Parra

Rodrigo De La Parra

VP, Stakeholder Engagement and Managing Director - Latin America and Caribbean

Profile image for Andres Pavez

Andres Pavez

Senior Cryptographic Key Manager

Profile image for Adam Peake

Adam Peake

Civil Society Engagement Sr. Manager

Profile image for Julie Peek

Julie Peek

United States of America

Senior Administrative Assistant

Profile image for Nathalie Peregrine

Nathalie Peregrine


Manager, Policy Development and Operations Support (GNSO)

Profile image for Edman Perez

Edman Perez

United States of America

IT Business Analytics and Intranet Services Senior Manager

Profile image for Brett Peterson

Brett Peterson

United States of America

Director, Accounting

Profile image for Gary Petzer

Gary Petzer

United States of America

VP, Relationship & Delivery Management

Profile image for Butch Pfremmer

Butch Pfremmer

United States of America

Senior Localization Program Manager

Profile image for Carlos Alvarez del Pino

Carlos Alvarez del Pino

United States of America

Director of SSR Engagement

Profile image for Elena Plexida

Elena Plexida


VP, Government and IGO Engagement

Profile image for Julio Polito

Julio Polito


Sr. Graphic Designer

Profile image for Amanda Price

Amanda Price

United States of America

IT Department Coordinator

Profile image for Wendy Profit

Wendy Profit

United States of America

Board Operations Senior Manager

Profile image for Shani Quidwai

Shani Quidwai

United States of America

Senior Director, Finance

Profile image for Reed Quinn

Reed Quinn

E&IT Infrastructure Manager

Profile image for Krishna Raghavendra

Krishna Raghavendra

United States of America

Senior Java Developer

Profile image for Laena Rahim

Laena Rahim


Regional Counsel, APAC

Profile image for Ergys Ramaj

Ergys Ramaj

United States of America

VP, Public Responsibility

Profile image for Laura Ramirez

Laura Ramirez

United States of America

Senior Meeting Planner

Profile image for Erika Randall

Erika Randall

Associate General Counsel

Profile image for Ashwin Rangan

Ashwin Rangan

United States of America

SVP, Engineering and Chief Information Officer (CIO)

Profile image for Simon Raveh

Simon Raveh

United States of America

VP, Software Engineering

Profile image for Isabella Reber

Isabella Reber

United States of America

Administrative Assistant

Profile image for Joseph Restuccia

Joseph Restuccia

United States of America

Contractual Compliance Risk and Audit Senior Specialist

Profile image for Peg Rettino

Peg Rettino

United States of America

Project Specialist and Executive Assistant

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."