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Joanna Toh

Singapore

Contractual Compliance Analyst

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Arnt Gulbrandsen

Germany

UA Technology Senior Manager

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Cristina de la Pena

United States of America

Executive Assistant

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Athena Foo

Singapore

Stakeholder Engagement Manager- APAC

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Daniel Gluck

United States of America

Policy Development Support Analyst

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Tim Guyton

United States of America

Lead Information Security Engineer

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Désirée Van Dyk

Belgium

Executive Assistant

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Elif Mantarcı

Türkiye, Republic of

Language Service Project Specialist

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Mustafa Alrifaee

Sweden

GDS Technical Services Senior Operations Engineer

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Iwan de Fluiter

Türkiye, Republic of

Regional Security Director - Europe, Middle East, and Africa

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Rafiq Batcha

United States of America

Sr. Product Manager 2

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Danniel To

United States of America

Global Support Analyst I

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Darrel Lewis

United States of America

Infrastructure Architect, Networks and DNS

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Candice Montoya

United States of America

IANA Services Specialist

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Daniela Chomikova

Belgium

Implementation Operations Assistant Manager

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Marli McElroy

United States of America

Sr. Product Manager 2

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Alfonso Wongvalle

United States of America

Sr. Product Manager 2

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Kelly Medina

United States of America

Planning Support Coordinator

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Corey Matthews

United States of America

Operations Specialist

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Holly Martinez

United States of America

Executive Assistant

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Gary Turchan

United States of America

Sr. Product Manager 2

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Raj Sripada

United States of America

Director, IT-Internal Applications

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Kristy Buckley

Canada

Outreach & Digital Inclusion Director

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Sherry Asaad

United States of America

Executive Assistant

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Boris Perelshteyn

United States of America

Staff Software Engineer, QA Automation

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Min Shi

United States of America

Sr. Software Engineer 2

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Amer Alamad

United States of America

Staff Accountant

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Maeva Devoto

Belgium

GE Operations Coordinator

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Neelam Kumar

United States of America

Project Manager II

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Jonathan Phillips

United States of America

Operations Coordinator

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Romulo Chacin

United States of America

Contractual Compliance Analyst

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June Okal

Kenya

Stakeholder Engagement Sr. Manager, East & Southern Africa

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Lawrence He

United States of America

Project Manager I

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Dee Washington

United States of America

Program Lead Analyst

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Lee Drasin

United States of America

Senior Director, Digital & Creative Services

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Jeff Graham

United States of America

Sr. Project Coordinator

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Sweta Chalasani

United States of America

Staff Software Engineer

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Steve Fessler

United States of America

Treasury Director

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Gavin Brown

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Technical Services Principal Engineer

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Hiromitsu Higashi

Singapore

Stakeholder Engagement Regional Analyst, APAC

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Angela Wibawa

Singapore

Government and IGO Engagement Director, APAC

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Eduardo Duarte

Portugal

Technical Services Principal Engineer

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Devan Reed

United States of America

Policy Operations Coordinator

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Salih Akkaya

Türkiye, Republic of

Travel Services Planner

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Madeleine Werbelow

United States of America

Grant Program Coordinator

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Simon Mayoye

Kenya

Regional Technical Engagement Specialist

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Frederick John Gransee IV

United States of America

Sr. Product Manager 2

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Tracy Dallarda

United States of America

VP, Communications

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."