Skip to main content

Explore profiles

Profile image for David Soltero

David Soltero

United States of America

Sr. Lead Infrastructure Engineer – Architecture

Profile image for Michael Song

Michael Song

United States of America

Operations Specialist III

Profile image for Neeraj Sood

Neeraj Sood

United States of America

Lead Product Manager

Profile image for Darrel Spearman

Darrel Spearman

Director, Administrative Services and Facilities

Profile image for Jane Stark

Jane Stark

United States of America

Global Human Resources Business Partner

Profile image for Amy Stathos

Amy Stathos

Deputy General Counsel

Profile image for Daniel Stephens

Daniel Stephens

United States of America

Billing, Accounts Receivable and Collections Specialist III

Profile image for Samuel Suh

Samuel Suh

United States of America

VP, IT ICANN Organization and Board Solutions Delivery

Profile image for Yan Sun

Yan Sun

Senior Software Engineer

Profile image for Theresa Swinehart

Theresa Swinehart

SVP, Global Domains and Strategy, Co-Deputy to the President and CEO

Profile image for Leah Symekher

Leah Symekher

Contractual Compliance Analyst

Profile image for Adam Szatyina

Adam Szatyina

Procurement Manager

Profile image for Samaneh Tajalizadehkhoob

Samaneh Tajalizadehkhoob


Lead Security, Stability, and Resiliency Specialist

Profile image for Mike Takahashi

Mike Takahashi

United States of America

Web Strategy and Content Senior Manager

Profile image for Michelle Takamoto

Michelle Takamoto

United States of America

Global Human Resources Business Partner

Profile image for Flauribert Takwa

Flauribert Takwa

United States of America

IT PMO Associate Project Manager

Profile image for Bryan Tan

Bryan Tan


Contractual Compliance Specialist

Profile image for Laine Tan

Laine Tan


Contractual Compliance Analyst

Profile image for Yien Chyn Tan

Yien Chyn Tan


Global Stakeholder Engagement Regional Specialist, APAC

Profile image for Sabrina Tanamal

Sabrina Tanamal

United States of America

IANA Services Senior Specialist

Profile image for Aysegul Tekce

Aysegul Tekce


gTLD Accounts Sr. Manager

Profile image for Liana Teo

Liana Teo


Head of Communications, APAC

Profile image for Gulten Tepe

Gulten Tepe


Sr. Coordinator, Advice and Policy Support and GAC Relations

Profile image for Michelle Thangtamsatid

Michelle Thangtamsatid

United States of America

IANA Services Specialist

Profile image for Cynthia Tinsley

Cynthia Tinsley

United States of America

Executive Assistant

Profile image for Nicholas Tomasso

Nicholas Tomasso

VP, Global Meeting Operations

Profile image for Liz Torres

Liz Torres

United States of America

HR Coordinator

Profile image for Alexey Trepykhalin

Alexey Trepykhalin

United States of America

Government and IGO Engagement Manager

Profile image for Caitlin Tubergen

Caitlin Tubergen

United States of America

Policy Director

Profile image for Patrick Tudor

Patrick Tudor

United States of America

Senior Systems Engineer

Profile image for Heidi Ullrich

Heidi Ullrich

United States of America

VP, Policy Development and At-Large Relations

Profile image for Emre Usta

Emre Usta


Communications Coordinator, EMEA

Profile image for Siranush Vardanyan

Siranush Vardanyan


Fellowship Program Manager

Profile image for Victor Figueroa Vazquez

Victor Figueroa Vazquez

United States of America

Technical Services Senior Manager

Profile image for Nathalie Vergnolle

Nathalie Vergnolle

United States of America

Planning Director

Profile image for Maria Vilardo

Maria Vilardo

Senior Language Expert - Head Interpreter

Profile image for Gina Villavicencio

Gina Villavicencio

United States of America

SVP, Global Human Resources

Profile image for Silvia Vivanco

Silvia Vivanco


At-Large Regional Affairs Senior Manager

Profile image for Savenaca Vocea

Savenaca Vocea


VP, Stakeholder Engagement - Oceania

Profile image for Delina Watson

Delina Watson

United States of America

Executive Assistant

Profile image for Kirsten Wattson

Kirsten Wattson

United States of America

Financial Planning & Analyst Manager

Profile image for Russell Weinstein

Russell Weinstein

United States of America

VP, GDD Accounts and Services

Profile image for Christian Wheeler

Christian Wheeler

United States of America

Global Support Analyst II

Profile image for Andrew White

Andrew White

South Africa

Regional Security Senior Manager – Africa and Middle East

Profile image for Champika Wijayatunga

Champika Wijayatunga

Regional Technical Engagement Manager - APAC

Profile image for Michelle Wilson

Michelle Wilson

United States of America

gTLD Services Manager

Profile image for Josephine Perez Wolfer

Josephine Perez Wolfer

United States of America

Legal Compliance Program Manager

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."