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Nicolas Antoniello

Regional Technical Engagement Manager

Uruguay

Biography

As Technical Engagement Manager for LAC region, Nicolas joined ICANN in March 2020, based in Montevideo office, Uruguay and reporting Adiel Akplogan, VP Technical Engagement at the Office of the Chief Technology Officer. Nicolas will work in coordination with other regional engagement functions at ICANN and lead the execution of the technical engagement strategy. Nicolas is an Engineer and graduated from ‘Universidad de la República’, Montevideo, Uruguay, in the field of Telecommunications, Electronics and Power Systems. He also studied Engineering at Universidad Complutense in Madrid, Spain; Internet Governance at Diplo Foundation, SSIG and USTTI; among others. For the last five years prior to joining ICANN, he was appointed as a Senior Advisor for the Uruguayan Government's Minister in charge of national telecommunications policy. During his appointment to the Ministry he has represented Uruguay at many regional and international level organizations and treaties. In the past years he has been working for the national telecommunications company (ANTEL) in different positions. He has been a university professor for over 14 years. He has also been working very close with the Internet Technical Community. He has been the Chair of LACNIC’s Public Policy Forum for over 6 years; technical instructor at the LACNIC events for many years; as well as participating as instructor in many other courses at regional level. He participated from the community in the development of the DNSSEC Root signing protocol and has been working as a TCR (Trusted Community Representative) for the DNSSEC Root signing process and Key maintaining protocol. After the IANA transition, he was appointed to one seat on the IANA Numbering Services Review Committee corresponding to the LACNIC region, where he served for three years. He is also founding member of LACNOG (the Latin America and the Caribbean Network Operations Group).

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."