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Maryam Bakoshi

Project Manager II

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland


Maryam joined ICANN Org in July 2017 but has been working with ICANN as a contractor from 2015. She currently holds the job title of Policy Operations Sr. Coordinator. She supports the work of the Noncommercial Stakeholder Group, Noncommercial Users Constituency and Not-for-profit Operational Concerns Constituency.

Before joining ICANN, she was a Management Consultant with Accenture, UK, and she worked with Tesco Plc. as a Service Duty Manager. Maryam has worked on a wide range of projects within both the Public and Private Sectors within and outside the UK. She received her Master's Degree in Information Technology, with an emphasis on Human Computer Interaction from the University of Nottingham, UK.

Maryam is an accomplished and fluent communicator with strong investigation, problem-solving and decision-making skills, combined with a pragmatic approach and sound business acumen. She is highly accomplished with a verifiable track record in fields such as analysis and gathering, business process mapping, the development of interactive prototypes and community engagement.

In her spare time, she loves to read and bake.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."