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ICANN 历史项目


ICANN 历史项目的第二阶段重点关注 ICANN 初期的情况,勾画了 ICANN 初期在技术、法务、商业和结构方面所发生的变化。本阶段审视了 ICANN 成立前的环境、引发设立 ICANN 的环节、ICANN 早期的政策制定机构的发展,以及重要的合同和协议。

敬请查看互动时间表、观看视频访谈和阅读相关资源,了解 ICANN 初期的状况。



埃丝特•戴森 (Esther Dyson) | 迈克尔•罗伯茨 (Mike Roberts) | ICANN 现任和前任董事会成员会 | 玛丽莲•凯德 (Marilyn Cade) | 约翰•克莱恩 (John Crain) | 查克•戈麦斯 (Chuck Gomes) 和埃利奥特•诺斯 (Elliot Noss) | 罗伯特•加埃塔诺 (Roberto Gaetano) | 拉姆•莫罕 (Ram Mohan) | 戴安•施罗德 (Diane Schroeder) | 苏珊•沃尔夫 (Suzanne Woolf)

埃丝特·戴森谈论 ICANN 早年岁月

ICANN 前任董事会主席(1998-2000 年)埃丝特·戴森的视频访谈


录音: EN

迈克尔•罗伯茨谈论 ICANN 早年岁月

ICANN 前任首席执行官(1998-2001 年)迈克尔·罗伯茨的视频访谈


录音: EN

ICANN 现任和前任董事会成员会谈 ICANN 的早年岁月

ICANN 现任和前任董事会成员在 ICANN59 会议期间开会讨论 ICANN 的早年岁月。


录音: EN



玛丽莲•凯德谈论 ICANN 早年岁月

mCADE LLC ICT 战略首席执行官玛丽莲·凯德的视频访谈


录音: EN

约翰•克莱恩谈论 ICANN 早年岁月

ICANN 首席 SSR 执行官约翰·克莱恩的视频访谈


录音:  EN

查克•戈麦斯和埃利奥特•诺斯讨论 ICANN 早年岁月

Verisign 政策与合规副总裁查克·戈麦斯和 Tucows 总裁兼首席执行官埃利奥特·诺斯会谈 ICANN 的早年岁月。


录音: EN

罗伯特•加埃塔诺谈论 ICANN 早年岁月

ICANN 前任董事会成员(2003-2009 年)罗伯特·加埃塔诺的视频访谈


TranscriptsEN | AR | ES | FR | RU | ZH

拉姆•莫罕谈论 ICANN 早年岁月

SSAC 派驻 ICANN 董事会的联络人(2008-至今)拉姆·莫罕的视频访谈


TranscriptsEN | AR | ES | FR | RU | ZH

戴安•施罗德谈论 ICANN 早年岁月

ICANN 全球人力资源部高级副总裁戴安·施罗德的视频访谈


录音: EN



苏珊•沃尔夫谈论 ICANN 早年岁月

RSSAC 派驻 ICANN 董事会的前任联络人(2004-2016 年)苏珊·沃尔夫的视频访谈


录音: EN  



Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."