Skip to main content

Explore profiles

Image

Corinna Ace

United States of America

Product Manager

Default avatar

Charmayne Adams

Sr. Payroll Administrator

Image

Terri Agnew

United States of America

Operations Support - GNSO Lead Administrator

Image

Yan Agranonik

United States of America

Sr. Manager, Contractual Compliance Risk and Audit

Image

Brian Aitchison

United States of America

Lead Researcher, GDD Policy Research and Data Services (PRDS)

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

Image

Alan Akahoshi

United States of America

Sr. Product Manager, IANA Services

Default avatar

Yazid Akanho

Benin

Technical Engagement Specialist

Default avatar

Seda Akbulut

Turkey

Lead Global Support Analyst

Image

Sawsan Aldawodi

United States of America

Language Expert - Head Interpreter

Civil SocietyDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

Image

Melissa Peters Allgood

United States of America

Conflict Resolution Specialist

Default avatar

Eduardo Alvarez

United States of America

Technical Services Sr. Manager

Default avatar

Pablo Alvarez

Enterprise Infrastructure Architect

Default avatar

Shaunte Anderson

United States of America

Sr. Audit & Operations Program Specialist

Default avatar

Betsy Andrews

United States of America

Public Responsibility Program Specialist

Default avatar

Mikhail Anismov

Russian Federation

Stakeholder Engagement Sr. Manager -Eastern Europe & Central Asia

Image

Charlotte Anongos

United States of America

Salesforce Developer

Civil SocietyDeveloping WorldTechnology

Default avatar

Nicolas Antoniello

Uruguay

Regional Technical Engagement Manager

Default avatar

Roy Arends

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Principal Research Scientist

Default avatar

Francisco Arias

Sr. Director, GDD Technical Services

Image

Yaovi Atohoun

Stakeholder Engagement & Ops Mngr - Africa

Image

Nick Axelrod-McLeod

United States of America

Contractual Compliance Specialist

Image

Gozde Aydin

Turkey

Global Support Analyst I

Default avatar

Amanda Baber

United States of America

IANA Lead Services Specialist

Image

Maryam Bakoshi

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

SO/AC Collaboration Services Sr. Coordinator

Image

Emily Barabas

Netherlands

Policy Manager

Image

Christopher Bare

United States of America

Director, Global Implementation & Operations

Default avatar

Jeffri Barnard

United States of America

Payroll Specialist

Default avatar

Connor Barthold

Sr. Information Security Engineer

Default avatar

Ted Bartles

United States of America

Meeting Production Operations Sr. Manager

Image

Fahd Batayneh

Jordan

Stakeholder Engagement Sr. Manager - Middle East

DNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldTechnology

Image

Josh Baulch

United States of America

Sr. Manager, Meeting Planning Operations

Image

Laura Bengford

United States of America

Director, Product Management for Community Services

Developing WorldTechnology

Image

Susanna Bennett

SVP & Chief Operating Officer

Image

Fabien Betremieux

France

GAC Advice and Policy Support Senior Advisor

Image

Bridget Bilyk

United States of America

Sr Accountant

Image

Julie Bisland

United States of America

Secretariat Operations Coordinator - GNSO

Default avatar

Amy Bivins

United States of America

Legal Counsel

Default avatar

Terry Blaser

United States of America

Sr. Manager, Enterprise Applications & Financial Systems

Image

Bart Boswinkel

Sr Director, ccNSO Policy Development Support

Image

Joke Braeken

Germany

ccNSO Policy Advisor

5ba5b13c c865 4260 8157 a7070b9e89e2

Melanie Brennan

United States of America

Meetings Project Manager

Default avatar

Mike Brennan

United States of America

Meetings Technical Services Project Manager

Image

Brenda Brewer

United States of America

Projects and Operations Assistant - Multistakeholder Strategy and Strategic Initiatives

Image

Michelle Bright

Board Content Coordination Director

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."