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Sabrina Mosquera

Senior Language Expert - Head Interpreter

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Grant Nakata

United States of America

GDD Services Senior Manager

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Becky Nash

United States of America

Vice President, Planning

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Andy Newton

United States of America

GDS Technical Services Principal Engineer

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Marie Ngo

United States of America

HR Manager

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Erin O'neil

United States of America

Digital Media Specialist

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Bob Ochieng


New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Sr. Director

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David Olive

United States of America

SVP, Policy Development Support & Managing Director – Washington, D.C.

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Cassia Oliveira

Director, Office of the CEO

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Elizabeth Oluoch

United States of America

Government and IGO Engagement Director - UN/ITU

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Yin May Oo


IDN Program Coordinator

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Ria Otanes

United States of America

Senior Travel Services Planner

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Eric Palmer

United States of America

Senior Counsel

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Gökhan Pamukçu

Türkiye, Republic of

Global Support Analyst I

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Krista Papac

United States of America

Complaints Officer

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Rodrigo De La Parra

VP, Stakeholder Engagement and Managing Director - Latin America and Caribbean

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Ryan Pasca

United States of America

Senior Product Manager 1

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Andres Pavez

Senior Cryptographic Key Manager

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Adam Peake

Civil Society Engagement Sr. Manager

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Julie Peek

United States of America

Senior Administrative Assistant

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Cristina de la Pena

United States of America

Executive Assistant

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Nathalie Peregrine


Manager, Policy Development and Operations Support (GNSO)

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Boris Perelshteyn

United States of America

Staff Software Engineer, QA Automation

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Edman Perez

United States of America

IT Business Analytics and Intranet Services Senior Manager

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Kathryn Perry

United States of America

Security Operations Senior Coordinator

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Brett Peterson

United States of America

Director, Accounting

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Roberto Peña

United States of America


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Butch Pfremmer

United States of America

Senior Localization Program Manager

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Carlos Alvarez del Pino

United States of America

Director of SSR Engagement

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Elena Plexida


VP, Government and IGO Engagement

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Julio Polito


Sr. Graphic Designer

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Shannon Poon

United States of America

HRIS Manager

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David Prangnell

United States of America

Staff Software Engineer – Platforms

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Wendy Profit

United States of America

Board Operations Senior Manager

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Shani Quidwai

United States of America

Senior Director, Finance

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Reed Quinn

E&IT Infrastructure Manager

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Krishna Raghavendra

United States of America

Senior Java Developer

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Laena Rahim


Regional Counsel, APAC

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Ergys Ramaj

United States of America

VP, Public Responsibility

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Daniel Ramcharan

United States of America

Operations Specialist II

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Laura Ramirez

United States of America

Meetings Project Manager

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Erika Randall

Associate General Counsel

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Ashwin Rangan

United States of America

SVP, Engineering and Chief Information Officer (CIO)

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Simon Raveh

United States of America

VP, Software Engineering

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Isabella Reber

United States of America

Administrative Assistant

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Joseph Restuccia

United States of America

Contractual Compliance Risk and Audit Senior Specialist

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Peg Rettino

United States of America

Project Specialist and Executive Assistant

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Carlos Reyes

United States of America

Director, Policy and Strategy

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."