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ICANN 的全球扩张

ICANN 历史项目


自设立以来,ICANN 一直致力于确保全球互联网用户社群在编制影响互联网技术管理的决策过程中,能够直抒胸臆。如今,ICANN 已经成为了互联网唯一标识符的政策制定和协调工作的一个全球论坛。

ICANN 历史项目的这一部分展示了 ICANN 如何拥护和支持地理、文化和语言多样性。

这些访谈描绘了 ICANN 如何通过多利益相关方模型及其志愿者等人的无私奉献,在治理、运营和社群领域得到且继续实现演变和发展。


尼·奎诺 (Nii Quaynor) | 奥尔加·卡瓦利(Olga Cavalli) | 克里斯·狄思潘 (Chris Disspain) | 阿兹资·希拉利 (Aziz Hilali) | 斯图尔特·林恩 (Stuart Lynn) | 帕特里西奥·波夫莱特 (Patricio Poblete) | 凡达·斯卡特兹尼 (Vanda Scartezini) | 布鲁斯·托金 (Bruce Tonkin)

尼·奎诺谈论 ICANN 的全球扩张

ICANN 前任董事(2000-2003 年)尼·奎诺视频访谈

奥尔加·卡瓦利谈论 ICANN 的全球扩张

GAC 阿根廷代表(2002 年至今)奥尔加·卡瓦利视频访谈



克里斯·狄思潘谈论 ICANN 的全球扩张

ICANN 董事会副主席(2017-2019 年)、ICANN 董事(2011-2020 年)、ICANN 国家和地区名称支持组织主席(2004-2011 年)克里斯·狄思潘视频访谈

阿兹资·希拉利谈论 ICANN 的全球扩张

非洲地区性一般会员组织主席阿兹资·希拉利(2012-2016 年)视频访谈

斯图尔特·林恩谈论 ICANN 的全球扩张

ICANN 前任首席执行官(2001-2003 年)斯图尔特·林恩视频访谈

帕特里西奥·波夫莱特谈论 ICANN 的全球扩张

ccNSO 理事会成员(2004-2018 年)帕特里西奥·波夫莱特视频访谈

凡达·斯卡特兹尼谈论 ICANN 的全球扩张

GAC 巴西代表(2000-2004 年)凡达·斯卡特兹尼视频访谈

布鲁斯·托金谈论 ICANN 的全球扩张

ICANN 前任董事(2007-2016 年)布鲁斯·托金视频访谈

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."