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赋权社群是 ICANN 支持组织 (SO) 和咨询委员会 (AC) 依据加利福尼亚州 (California) 法律规定而组织起来用于合法行使社群权力的机制。用于管理赋权社群的社群权力和规定现已写入 ICANN 《企业设立章程 (Articles of Incorporation)》《章程 (Bylaws)》


所有 ICANN 的支持组织、包括一般会员咨询委员会和政府咨询委员会均可加入赋权社群,具体包括:


赋权社群拥有一套针对 ICANN 董事会或该组织的作为和不作为提出关切的流程。这套升级流程给予支持组织和咨询委员会与 ICANN 董事会讨论解决方案的机会。


社群拥有九大权力,以确保 ICANN 董事会和该组织承担责任,这些权力包括:

• 拒绝接受 ICANN 和互联网号码分配机构 (IANA) 的预算、ICANN 运营和战略规划
• 拒绝接受《标准章程》的修订内容
• 拒绝接受公共技术标识符 (PTI) 的治理措施
• 批准《基本章程》和《企业设立章程》的修订案和资产出售
• 召回全体 ICANN 董事会
• 任命并移除某位 ICANN 董事(除总裁以外)
• 要求 ICANN 董事会审核已被社群拒绝的 IANA 职能审核 (IFR)、特别 IFR、独立流程跨社群工作组 (SCWG) 的设立和 SCWG 建议决策
• 启动社群重审请求、调解或独立审核流程 (IRP)
• 监督调查权


English [PDF, 138 KB]
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Español [PDF, 140 KB]
Français [PDF, 140 KB] Pусский [PDF, 161 KB]
中文 [PDF, 209 KB]
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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."