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Becky Nash

United States of America

VP, Planning

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Shawn Seah

Singapore

Global Support Analyst III

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Adiel Akplogan

Canada

VP, Technical Engagement

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Eduardo Alvarez

United States of America

Director, Technical Services Operations

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Alain Durand

France

Distinguished Technologist

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Butch Pfremmer

United States of America

Sr. Localization Program Manager

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Gulten Tepe Oksuzoglu

Türkiye, Republic of

Policy Operations Analyst (GAC)

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Tammy Yeow

Singapore

Manager, Global Support

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Desiree Cabrera

United States of America

Executive Assistant

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Jinzaemon Kimoto

United States of America

Contractual Compliance Senior Specialist

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Paul Hoffman

United States of America

Distinguished Technologist

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Roy Arends

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Principal Research Scientist

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Delina Watson

United States of America

Sr. Project Coordinator

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Kimberly Carlson

United States of America

Policy Operations Specialist (ccNSO)

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Seda Akbulut

Türkiye, Republic of

Universal Acceptance (UA) Program Manager

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Brenda Brewer

United States of America

Policy Operations Coordinator

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Aline Menezes

United States of America

Sr. Lead Infrastructure Engineer

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Alex Hutson

United States of America

Senior Program Manager

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Maryam Bakoshi

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Project Manager II

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Amanda Rose

United States of America

Contractual Compliance Lead

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Andrew McConachie

Netherlands

Policy Development and Technology Director

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Joke Braeken

Germany

Policy Development Support Senior Manager (ccNSO)

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Mukesh Chulani

Türkiye, Republic of

GDD Programs Director

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Jeanne Gregg

United States of America

Sr. Director, Service Delivery, Support & Vendor Management

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Neeraj Sood

United States of America

Lead Product Manager

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Victor Figueroa Vazquez

United States of America

Technical Services Sr. Manager

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Sam Zhou

United States of America

Technical Lead, Software Engineering

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Casandra Furey

United States of America

Associate General Counsel

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Michael Song

United States of America

Operations Sr. Specialist

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Lisa Saulino

United States of America

Board Operations Manager

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Simon Garside

United States of America

VP, Security Operations and Interim Head of Administrative Services

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Steve Jung

United States of America

Sr. Accountant

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Dean Edwards

United States of America

Director, Relationship & Delivery Management

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Daniel Stephens

United States of America

Financial Analyst

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Nida Gumussoy

Türkiye, Republic of

Regional Office Sr. Administrator

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Meghan Healy

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Stakeholder Research Program Manager I

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May Kim

United States of America

Contractual Compliance Senior Specialist

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Noah Ross

United States of America

Director, Software Engineering

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Gustavo Jimenez

United States of America

Sr. Staff QA Engineer

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Simon Raveh

United States of America

Vice President, Software Engineering

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Jean-Baptiste Deroulez

Belgium

Review Support & Accountability Associate Project Manager

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Siranush Vardanyan

United States of America

Fellowship Program Manager

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Lisa Carter

United States of America

Sr. Program Manager

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Amanda Fessenden

United States of America

Sr. Director, GDD Services

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Aaron Jimenez

United States of America

Sr. Board Operations Specialist

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Karla Hakansson

United States of America

GDD Programs Director

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Fernanda Iunes

United States of America

Capacity Development Program Manager I

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Jennifer Johnson

United States of America

Nominating Committee Program Manager I

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."