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Jia Rong Low

Vice President, Stakeholder Engagement & Managing Director - Asia Pacific

Forum Profile

Biography

An international executive with Foreign Service credentials, Jia-Rong Low joined ICANN in August of 2013 and is now the Vice President, Stakeholder Engagement and Managing Director - Asia Pacific.

Stationed in Singapore, Jia-Rong leads the teams at the APAC Regional Office, overseeing the expansion of ICANN's operations in the region. Jia-Rong works with key stakeholders to bring ICANN to the region, and facilitate stakeholders to participate in multistakeholder internet governance.

Jia-Rong has been engaging governments and businesses on a multitude of policy and business development projects in the Southeast Asia region, and spent the bulk of his career deeply involved in engagement and public policy development in Asia. Prior to joining ICANN, Jia-Rong served at Singbridge International, a Singapore government-linked company specializing in sustainable urban development projects.

A former diplomat, Jia-Rong worked for Singapore's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and served as First Secretary (Political) at the Singapore Embassy in Hanoi. Jia-Rong is very familiar with the region, having represented Singapore in engaging the region's governments such as Thailand, Myanmar, and the Philippines.

A World Trade Organization- (WTO) certified trade expert, Jia-Rong has also worked extensively with financial institutions like the International Money Fund and the Asian Development Bank.

Jia-Rong holds a Diploma in International Trade Law from the World Trade Organization in Geneva, Switzerland. He graduated with a Bachelor of Communications Studies at Singapore's Nanyang Technological University. Jia-Rong has a love for languages and cultures. He is fluent in English, Mandarin and Vietnamese; and is currently also learning Arabic.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."