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Mikhail Anisimov

ICANN Senior Stakeholder Engagement Manager Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Russian Federation

Biography

Mikhail has been working in the field of hosting, domain registration, and development of Internet addressing systems for more than ten years. He has held various positions in the largest Russian hosting providers and domain name registrars. In 2013, as part of the Foundation for Assistance to the Development of Internet Technologies and Infrastructure, he took part in the launch of the domain zones .МОСКВА and .MOSCOW. In 2014, he joined the Coordination Center for .RU / .РФ domains’ team, where he was involved in the press service, the program of industry events, and international projects. Mikhail was a member of various industry organizations. He has also been involved in organizing specialized conferences and forums on domain registration, hosting, Internet infrastructure, Internet governance and cybersecurity. He also conducts educational and outreach work for students on the topic of infrastructure and user information security. In 2020, Mikhail joined the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Internet Addresses (ICANN), where he develops relationships with various stakeholders in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."