Automated Transcripts from Zoom at ICANN65
As you know, ICANN moved to Zoom as its web conferencing solution and we are pleased with the positive feedback we have received about this new system. One of the most welcome developments about Zoom has been the introduction of its automatic transcription feature. You may have noticed this feature while watching a Zoom recording, with the text of the transcript scrolling in time with the meeting audio.
This feature is powered by Otter.ai, an AI solution which partnered with Zoom for transcription. I mention this not as an advertisement but rather as a disclaimer. These automatic transcripts should be treated as a useful tool in reviewing recorded content quickly, but by no means should these transcripts be read as the official record. The Zoom transcriptions are entirely machine-transcribed and accessible quickly following the conclusion of a recording (usually within a few hours). This is different from ICANN's more accurate official transcriptions, which are produced by a human but not available quite as fast.
After some discussion and debate, we decided to enable automatic transcriptions in Zoom for ICANN65. To reiterate, we are enabling this feature to provide a measure of convenience and these transcriptions should be treated as a quick version of the recordings. ICANN’s Language Services team will continue to provide the official record of public sessions and these official records will be made available along the same timelines as in previous meetings.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."