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Domain name registrants issues challenges 1563x886 26sep18 zh

在 ICANN 内部,我们一直都在整理和分析来自多个来源的数据,尝试找到问题症结,提高 ICANN 社群的意识,了解注册人在管理其域名之时所碰到的常见问题和挑战。

今天,我们针对这些数据发布了一份新报告 [PDF, 294 KB]。这些数据源于 ICANN 全球支持中心 (GSC)、合同合规部门和投诉服务办公室。我们鼓励大家阅读这份报告,并针对影响注册人的问题,分享您拥有的任何数据,以推动我们的讨论和工作。今后,我们还将每半年发布一份更新报告,使得我们能够了解本行业细分的发展趋势。


我们将继续朝着两个主要目标迈进: 1) 教育注册人,使他们了解自身权利和义务、域名生态系统以及应对方式、熟悉会给他们带来影响的 ICANN 政策;和 2) 识别注册人面临的问题和挑战,帮助他们提高意识。

例如,我们在今年早些时候发布了一篇针对注册人的教学博文,介绍了防止域名被劫持或非授权转让的一些诀窍和最佳实践。这篇博文是我们针对注册人推出的系列博文的第四篇。我们还编写了其他教学类文章,例如常见问题与解答 (FAQ)。这篇文章的编写参考了从 ICANN 各个部门搜集的与注册人相关的信息。

ICANN 投诉服务办公室发布的第一份半年期报告中谈及的几个重点观察项目之一是:许多注册人并不完全理解 ICANN 的职权和权力范围,有时候会对 ICANN 的职责混淆不清。他们对域名生态系统的其他各方的职责也并不熟悉,例如:注册服务机构。其实,注册服务机构才是拥有知识和权力,帮助注册人妥善管理域名的机构。

为了解决这些问题、消除误解,我们最近对 的多个页面进行了更新,专门为注册人提供了解域名行业域名的一些信息。我们将继续发布涉及各类主题的新的注册人教学文章,例如:域名注册和更新等等。我们还将长期发布这类信息,并鼓励社群(特别是注册人)能够积极地提出反馈意见。


    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."