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A "Grand" Milestone: New gTLD Program Reaches 1,000th Delegation

New gtlds 1000 delegation 725x330 25may16 en

Today, we celebrate an exciting milestone in the evolution of the domain name system – more than 1,000 new generic top-level domains (gTLDs) from the 2012 application window have been introduced into the internet. There are nearly 50 times as many gTLDs as there were in 2013 when the first four applications completed the New gTLD Program. This expansion is contributing to choice, competition and innovation in the domain name industry.

Choice

The expansion of the domain name system to more than 1,000 gTLDs signifies greater diversity in how people and businesses can represent themselves online. It enables communities, cities and brands to more closely align their digital and real-world identities. It's also helping to redefine the internet experience for people across the globe by introducing internationalized generic top-level domains for the first time. These users can now navigate within internationalized gTLDs and consume content entirely in local writing systems, or scripts.

Competition

In addition to providing consumers with greater choice, new gTLDs are enhancing competition in the domain name industry. The opportunity to manage a piece of online real estate inspired individuals and organizations to start new companies, while existing registry operators sought to expand their product lines. And big brands entered the industry to gain more control over their web presences or to branch out into this emerging market.

Innovation

Competition and choice have been accompanied by innovation, as new registries and registrants look to differentiate themselves using new gTLDs. Some registry operators are requiring that registrants demonstrate possession of professional certifications or licensing in order to register and maintain a domain name. Certain brands are operating their namesake gTLDs in a closed manner, meaning that no one outside of the company and its partners can register a domain name. The potential benefit of restricting registration in these ways is that a company can signal to consumers that websites in its TLD are legitimate sources for products and information related to an industry or brand. On the registrant side, professional sports teams are hosting their websites on new gTLDs that match the cities they represent. Celebrities are building social networks on new gTLD domains for their fan clubs, and businesses are using new gTLDs for sites specific to marketing campaigns. Over the past year, ICANN has been working with new gTLD registry operators to document these types of use cases. Read our new gTLD case studies to learn more.

Read New gTLD Case Studies.

The true potential of the new online real estate will reveal itself over the next few years as consumer awareness of new gTLDs continues to rise. On behalf of the entire ICANN team I would like to congratulate and thank everyone in the ICANN community and beyond who participated in the development and implementation of the New gTLD Program. Your commitment and service has laid the foundation for a more robust domain name industry and a more inclusive, global internet.

Comments

    enginee khan mohammod kamruzzaman  05:10 UTC on 30 May 2016

    Thank & congratulate all of you ICNN

    황은주  13:27 UTC on 02 June 2016

    Hello

    Clinicas Vicario  19:12 UTC on 03 June 2016

    Thanks for accepting me, your vision it seems to me a very interesting project and necessary to improve Internet Day to day. Very Grateful!!

    Tashina Taylor  16:40 UTC on 09 June 2016

    Can you add .list please?

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    lily Lily  10:17 UTC on 12 December 2016

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    ipaddress  05:13 UTC on 16 February 2017

    Good design, thanks for doing it

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."