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Announcements

Details for ICANN Meeting in Marina del Rey, 12-15 November 2001

The homepage for the 12-15 November 2001 ICANN meeting in Marina de Rey, California, USA, has...

Call for Proposals for 2002 ICANN Meetings

ICANN is actively soliciting proposals for the June and October/November 2002 ICANN meetings....

Preliminary Announcement: ICANN Meeting in Marina del Rey | 13-15 November 2001

Many members of the ICANN community wrote in response to the call for input as to whether the...

Statement Concerning Third Annual Meeting (November 2001)

To the ICANN community:

Some of you have enquired whether the ICANN Marina del Rey meeting will...

Statement Concerning 11 September 2001 Disasters

To all friends and colleagues across the global ICANN and Internet community:

The disasters of...

Third Advisory Concerning Equitable Allocation of Shared Registration System Resources

(23 August 2001) As previously reported in advisories dated 16 July 2001 and 10 August 2001, the...

Advisory Concerning Unqualified .info "Sunrise" Registrations

(14 August 2001) Afilias, the ICANN-designated operator of the .info TLD registry, today...

DNSO Names Council Whois Survey to Close Tomorrow

Marina del Rey, California, USA (13 August 2001) The period for responses to the ICANN Domain...

Second Advisory Concerning Equitable Allocation of Shared Registration System Resources

(10 August 2001) As previously reported in an advisory dated 16 July 2001, many registrars have...

Preliminary Agenda Set for 9 September 2001 Public Forum in Montevideo

Marina del Rey, California, USA (3 August 2001) The following preliminary agenda has been set...

ICANN Signs Registry Agreeement for .Name

Marina del Rey, California, USA (1 August 2001) The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

Open Call for Independent Review Panel Closes

Marina del Rey, California, USA (1 August 2001) From 26 June-26 July 2001, the ICANN Independent...

Advisory: Equitable Allocation of Shared Registration System

(16 July 2001) In recent weeks, some registrars have reported difficulty in accessing the...

ICANN Submits Third Annual Report to US Department of Commerce

Marina del Rey, California, USA (4 July 2001) On 3 July 2001, ICANN submitted its Third Report to...

Information About .biz and .info Top-Level Domains Available

Marina del Rey, California, USA (4 July 2001) The .biz (restricted to business use) and .info...

Negotiation of Proposed .name Registry Agreement Completed

Marina del Rey, California, USA (4 July 2001) The negotiations between ICANN and the Global Name...

Two New Top-Level Domains for the Internet: .biz and.info to be Activated Tomorrow

Marina del Rey, California, USA (26 June 2001) The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

ICANN Names Counsel for International Legal Affairs

Marina del Rey, California, USA (21 June 2001) The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

Internationalized Domain Names Working Group Requests Additional Information

Marina del Rey, California, USA (21 June 2001) At the ICANN Stockholm meeting, the...

ICANN Meetings in Montevideo, Uruguay — 7-10 September 2001

ICANN’s next round of meetings will be held (7-10 September 2001), in Montevideo, Uruguay. The...

ICANN and VeriSign Sign on the Dotted Line | The agreement considered a positive step for the Internet

(May 25, 2001) Marina del Rey, CA – Today the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

ICANN Accredits New Top-Level Domains— .biz and .info Registration Process To Begin This Summer

(15 May 2001) Marina del Rey, California, USA. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

Update: (a) Agenda for Stockholm Meeting; (b) .biz and .info Top-Level Domains

Preliminary Agenda for Stockholm Meeting

The preliminary agenda for the ICANN Board meeting in...

Revised .com/.net/.org Agreements Forwarded to Commerce Department

16 April 2001 (Marina del Rey, California, USA). The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

ICANN Meeting to be held in Stockholm, Sweden: 1 - 4 June 2001

14 April 2001 (Marina del Rey, California, USA) - ICANN's next round of meetings will be held...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."