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Announcements

ICANN Board Adopts Updated Five-Year Operating Plan, and FY17 Operating Plan and Budget

The ICANN Board adopted the updated ICANN Five Year Operating Plan, and the ICANN FY17 Operating...

Draft PTI Articles of Incorporation

Open Date: 1 July 2016 Close Date: 31 July 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN
...

ICANN-commissioned Study Finds Increased Awareness and Trust in Domain Name System

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today published [PDF, 2.88 MB]...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to Binero AB

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
BINERO AB, SWEDEN

BINERO AB, SWEDEN ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a...

ICANN Fellowship Program Application Process Review

Open Date: 14 June 2016 Close Date: 29 July 2016
Originating Organization: Development and...

NextGen@ICANN Application Round Opens for ICANN57

ICANN is looking for the next generation of individuals who are interested in becoming more...

Draft Root Zone Evolution Review Committee (RZERC) Charter

Open Date: 10 June 2016 Close Date: 10 July 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN
...

Call for Expressions of Interest for 2017 Nominating Committee Chair and Chair-Elect

ICANN EXTENDS TIME TO SUBMIT EXPRESSIONS OF INTEREST THROUGH 30 JUNE 2016.

ICANN is seeking...

Syntax and Operability Accuracy of WHOIS Data in gTLDs Presented in Second Cycle of Phase 2 of the Accuracy Reporting System

ICANN today published the Phase 2 Cycle 2 report of the WHOIS Accuracy Reporting System (ARS),...

Report on Public Comments on Draft FY17 Operating Plan and Budget and Five-Year Operating Plan Update Now Available

ICANN has published its report on public comments [PDF, 1.83 MB] for the draft plans for FY17,...

Reference Label Generation Rulesets (LGRs) for the Second Level

Open Date: 7 June 2016 Close Date: 18 July 2016
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Policy Implementation Update

ICANN announces the implementation of amendments to the Transfer Policy and the Transfer Dispute...

Draft Restated Articles of Incorporation

Open Date: 27 May 2016 Close Date: 6 July 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN
...

ICANN Hires DNS Expert to Lead Research

Matt Larson, an expert in Domain Name System (DNS) infrastructure and security, has joined the...

Revisions to ICANN Expected Standards of Behaviors

Open Date: 16 May 2016 Close Date: 25 June 2016
Originating Organization: Legal
...

Important Update from Constituency Travel

ICANN Travel Provider Change Is Complete

On 31 March 2016, ICANN transitioned its travel support...

ICANN and COMTELCA to Work Together to Increase Mesoamerican Government Participation in ICANN

Members of ICANN and the Regional Technical Commission of Telecommunications (COMTELCA)

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay – 4 May 2016 – ICANN and the Regional Technical Commission of...

15 Successful Candidates Have Been Selected for NextGen@ICANN56 Policy Forum

15 individuals from various Universities in Europe have been selected to participate with ICANN...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .HYUNDAI, .KIA and .GODADDY TLDs

Open Date: 27 April 2016 Close Date: 9 June 2016
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

IANA Functions, DNSSEC Audits: ICANN Systems Have Appropriate Controls

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has completed annual,...

Fellowship Application Round Opens for ICANN57

lCANN launches the application round for those interested in participating at the ICANN57...

Draft New ICANN Bylaws

Open Date: 21 April 2016 Close Date: 21 May 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN
...

ICANN and Verisign Announce Start of 90-day Root Zone Management System "Parallel Testing" Period

As scheduled and previously communicated, on 6 April 2016, ICANN and Verisign began a 90-day “...

Data Retention Waiver - ONE.COM A/S, Denmark

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
ONE.COM A/S, DENMARK

ONE.COM A/S ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .TORAY and .PICTET TLDs

Open Date: 28 March 2016 Close Date: 10 May 2016
Originating Organization: Global Domains...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."