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ICANN FY16 Form 990 Announcement

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) continues to provide accountability and transparency on its financial results with the publication of its US tax return ("Form 990"), which is available on the Financial Information for ICANN page of www.icann.org. The Form 990 is the United States tax return for organizations exempt from income taxes under section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code.

The Form 990 contains information and disclosures as required by the IRS on financial statements, funding sources, compensation practices, and much more. It is a useful source of information, which we invite the ICANN community to review and offer comments or questions as desired (controller@icann.org).

ICANN filed its Form 990 [PDF, 5.54 MB] for the fiscal year ending 30 June 2016 with the Internal Revenue Service on 12 May 2017 in compliance with the extended due date of 15 May 2017.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."