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ICANN Announces Extension of the Public Comment for the CCT Final Report

LOS ANGELES – 29 November 2018 – The deadline to submit comments on the Final Report [PDF, 4.89 MB] of the Competition, Consumer Trust, and Consumer Choice (CCT) Review Team has been extended until Tuesday, 11 December 23:59 UTC.

This Public Comment proceeding is aimed at gathering community input on the CCT Review Team's Final Report and Recommendations.

The CCT Review Team was formed in January 2016 to assess the New Generic Top-Level Domain (New gTLD) Program in three areas: competition, consumer trust, and consumer choice. The review also assesses safeguards put in place to mitigate issues arising from both the introduction of new gTLDs, and the New gTLD Program's application and evaluation process. The review, required by Section 4.6 of the ICANN Bylaws, examines to what degree the process of implementing the New gTLD Program was successful in producing desired results and achieving the stated objectives. The CCT Review Team analyzed both quantitative and qualitative data to produce recommendations for the ICANN Board to consider and adopt.

On 8 September 2018, the CCT Review Team submitted its Final Report and Recommendations to the ICANN Board of Directors. The Report was then issued for Public Comment to inform ICANN Board action on the CCT Review Team's final recommendations.

Per the Bylaws, the ICANN Board shall consider the report and public comments to determine whether to approve the recommendations within six months of receipt of the Final Report [PDF, 4.89 MB] and Recommendations [PDF, 562 KB]. The Board will then direct implementation of the recommendations that are approved and provide written rationale for the decision if any recommendations are not approved.

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ICANN's mission is to help ensure a stable, secure, and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet, you need to type an address – a name or a number – into your computer or other device. That address must be unique, so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinate and support these unique identifiers across the world. ICANN was formed in 1998 as a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with a community of participants from all over the world.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."