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ICANN Holds First Capacity Development Workshop for Asia GAC Members

SINGAPORE – 15 February 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), in cooperation with the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) Underserved Regions Working Group, announced today the first capacity-development workshop for Asia GAC members and representatives, to be held from 24–25 February 2018 in Kathmandu, Nepal, with the support of Nepal's Department of Information Technology.

Sanjay Sharma, Secretary, Ministry of Science and Technology, Nepal, will give the opening remarks. Almost 20 government representatives from 11 economies in Asia will attend the workshop.

In rapidly developing Asia, expected home to the next billion Internet users, challenges remain in ensuring adequate and secure Internet access. Barriers to participation in ICANN include a lack of human resources and knowledge about the Domain Name System (DNS).

The workshop, which aims to address these challenges, will feature key ICANN policy topics and the relevant GAC and cross-community working groups. Topics will include:

  • Understanding the ICANN ecosystem
  • Understanding the Internet: names, numbers, protocol parameters
  • Security, stability, and resiliency (SSR) of unique Internet identifiers
  • ICANN policy development process

Speakers from regional Internet organizations will introduce their ongoing work in the Asia Pacific region as part of the Internet ecosystem. Workshop participants will discuss effective ways to participate and contribute to ICANN discussions. Additionally, the workshop will seek feedback from Asia GAC representatives on how best to support their work and increase their presence in the region and in ICANN.

The full workshop agenda can be found here [PDF, 415 KB].

About ICANN

ICANN's mission is to help ensure a stable, secure, and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet, you need to type an address – a name or a number – into your computer or other device. That address must be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinate and support these unique identifiers across the world. ICANN was formed in 1998 as a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with a community of participants from all over the world.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."