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Revised Rights Protection Mechanisms Report Now Available

11 September 2015 – ICANN today announced that the "Revised Report on Rights Protections Mechanisms" has been published.

View the Revised Report on RPMs [PDF, 3.52 MB].

The report provides an initial analysis of the effectiveness of rights protection mechanisms introduced under the New gTLD Program in meeting their intended objectives, and identifies considerations for future new gTLD application rounds. An initial draft was published for comment on 2 February 2015. The revised version available today contains updated data and community input collected during the comment period about specific rights protection mechanisms, such as the Trademark Clearinghouse, Uniform Rapid Suspension system and Post-Delegation Dispute Resolution Procedures.

As detailed in the revised report, the comment period highlighted several issues with the existing implementation of rights protection mechanisms and proposed suggestions for improving their processes. The issues cited most were higher registration prices of "premium" names than regular Sunrise registrations, reservation and release of domain names, duration of the Trademark Claims service, and curative remedies, such as the suspension option provided by the URS vs. preventative rights protection measures, such as blocking mechanisms.

ICANN plans to include these topics in upcoming program reviews discussions where additional policy development work may be considered. Specifically, this feedback is intended to be used in several areas, including will be considered in regard to the New gTLD Program's impact on competition, consumer trust and consumer choice and during the GAC-recommended independent review of the Trademark Clearinghouse. The rights protection review outputs might also factor into policy discussions in the Generic Names Supporting Organization's Issue Report on Rights Protection Mechanisms.



ICANN's mission is to ensure a stable, secure and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet you have to type an address into your computer - a name or a number. That address has to be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN coordinates these unique identifiers across the world. Without that coordination we wouldn't have one global Internet. ICANN was formed in 1998. It is a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with participants from all over the world dedicated to keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It promotes competition and develops policy on the Internet's unique identifiers. ICANN doesn't control content on the Internet. It cannot stop spam and it doesn't deal with access to the Internet. But through its coordination role of the Internet's naming system, it does have an important impact on the expansion and evolution of the Internet. For more information please visit:

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."