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Announcements

Register Now: Pre-ICANN62 Policy Webinar – 12 June 2018

The Policy Development Support Team is pleased to announce two webinar sessions to assist with the community's preparations for the ICANN62 Policy Forum: Pre-ICANN62 Policy Webinar Tuesday, 12 June 2018 10:00 and 19:00 Coordinated Universal...

Deadline Extended: SSAC2 Review Survey for Community Input

LOS ANGELES – 22 May 2018 – The deadline to take the SSAC2 Survey has been extended until Friday May 25th at 23:59 UTC. Analysis Group, the independent examiner conducting the second review of the Security and Stability Advisory Committee...

Proposed FY19 Operating Plan and Budget for ICANN Board Adoption Published

LOS ANGELES – 21 May 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) published the proposed FY19 Operating Plan and Budget, and Five-Year Operating Plan update, after the review of public comments. In addition, the...

ICANN Board Approves Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data

LOS ANGELES – 17 May 2018 – The Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today approved the proposed "Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data." The full text of the Board's resolution is...

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Multimedia

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Naming Services portal - Registrar Webinar (26 April 2018)

DEMO for Registrar Stakeholder group. 26 April 2018.

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UASG Members Share EAI and IDN Updates

UASG Members John Levine, Standcore LLC, Andrew Sullivan, IETF Participant, Dr Ajay Data, XgenPlus, and Mark Svancarek, Microsoft share EAI and IDN updates.

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Intro to Registrar Stakeholder Group

ICANN's Caitlin Tubergen sits down with RrSG Member, Michele Neylon and RrSG Member, Graeme Bunton to discuss the Policy Development Process 3.0.

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UASG Members Share EAI and IDN Updates

UASG Members John Levine, Standcore LLC, Andrew Sullivan, IETF, Dr Ajay Data, XgenPlus, and Mark Svancarek, Microsoft share EAI and IDN updates.

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Blog Posts

Final Proposed FY19 Operating Plan and Budget

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Please Comment on the Timing of Reviews

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."