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ICANN 为筹备 ICANN60 会议发布中东、北非和土耳其地区数字经济调查

土耳其伊斯坦布尔…互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 十分高兴地宣布发布一份有关地区数字经济发展状态的调查,题为《加速中东、北非和土耳其地区的数字经济发展 (Accelerating the Digital Economy in the Middle East, North Africa, and Turkey)》 [PDF, 422 KB]。 这份调查由 ICANN 授权展开,旨在了解中东、北非和土耳其地区(简称:MENAT)当前数字经济的发展动态,并提出发展建议。ICANN 于 2014 年授权了一项类似调查,以了解全球数字经济的发展,即:《促进数字经济的顺利发展》 [PDF, 983 KB]。

这项调查旨在帮助 ICANN 与更广泛的互联网社群加强联系,在本地区构建一个强大的、具有竞争力的域名行业。调查针对 15 个国家的 4.1 亿人口:阿尔及利亚 (Algeria)、巴林 (Bahrain)、埃及 (Egypt)、伊朗 (Iran)、约旦 (Jordan)、科威特 (Kuwait)、黎巴嫩 (Lebanon)、摩洛哥 (Morocco)、阿曼 (Oman)、巴勒斯坦 (Palestine)、卡塔尔 (Qatar)、沙特阿拉伯 (Saudi Arabia)、突尼斯 (Tunisia)、土耳其 (Turkey) 和阿拉伯联合酋长国 (UAE) 。  该调查考察了一系列主题,例如:社交媒体的使用、本地语言内容、互联网连接性、互联网新创企业、电子摩擦和互联网领域的立法。

"ICANN 授权进行本调查,旨在审视 MENAT 地区数字经济的当前发展,并总结各个领域的发展机遇(包括域名市场)。此举将帮助我们更好地发挥本地区的数字经济发展潜力,"ICANN 全球利益相关方合作中东地区副总裁巴赫尔·艾斯迈 (Baher Esmat) 表示。他还指出:"我们相信通过本次调查得出的建议将为政策制定者和各大企业提供指导,以促进本地区的数字经济转型。"

该调查的结论显示本地区政府需要在以下四个领域起到带头作用,支持长期努力:

  • 提供遍及各地、价格适宜的网络连接
  • 相关内容的可用性
  • 培养数字能力
  • 制定支持性的政策和操作实践

调查结论认为,为了加强 MENAT 地区的数字经济,所有利益相关方(从公共部门到私营部门)必须要团结一致,共同努力。

该调查将在即将于阿联酋阿布扎比举行的 ICANN60 会议上加以讨论。远程参会人士可以点击此处参与上述讨论会议。

请点击此处 [PDF, 422 KB] 阅读调查全文。

请点击此处阅读戴维·迪恩 (David Dean) 博士针对该调查发表的博文。

若您存有任何疑问或反馈意见,请发送电子邮件至:meac.swg@icann.org

媒体联系人:

露娜·马蒂 (Luna Madi)
欧洲、中东和非洲地区 (EMEA) 传播主管
土耳其伊斯坦布尔
电话:+90 533 0313505
电子邮件:luna.madi@icann.org

布吉·克斯库娜 (Buket Coskuner)
全球传播事务协调人,欧洲、中东和非洲地区 (EMEA)
土耳其伊斯坦布尔
电话:+90 533 4876254
电子邮件:buket.coskuner@icann.org

ICANN简介:

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。如需更多信息,请访问:www.icann.org

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."