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批准决议 | 新 gTLD 计划委员会会议




  1. 对 2012 年 6 月 17 日 GAC 信件的回应

    第 2012.07.27.NG01 号决议:新 gTLD 计划委员会批准发出对政府咨询委员会 (GAC) 2012 年 6 月 17 日有关新 gTLD 计划的信件所做出的回应 [PDF, 577 KB]。

    第2012.07.27.NG01 号决议的理由

    2012 年 6 月 17 日,GAC 告知理事会以下三项内容:

    第一:GAC 建议理事会尽快与机构群体进行磋商,考虑改善其评估和授权流程的方法,以便最大程度地减小为申请人带来的不利风险和不确定性。与机构群体提出的顾虑一致,重点考虑因素应包括授权时机的竞争性和公平性。GAC 打算在与理事会共同参与的布拉格会议上解决关于数字目标值和分批处理系统的问题。

    第二:GAC 建议理事会计划在 2012 年 10 月 ICANN 多伦多会议后不久发布提前警告。

    第三:GAC 建议理事会不要对 2012 年的新 gTLD 申请提供任何建议。因此,GAC 正在考虑就 gTLD 申请提供任何 GAC 建议所带来的影响。预计这些考虑不会在 2013 年 4 月召开的亚太会议之前得出定论。

    理事会在 2012 年 6 月 20 日对上述第一项内容做出了回应。新 gTLD 计划委员会批准发出了回应,理事会目前正在为 GAC 提供上述其他两项内容的回应,而且还包括 ICANN 对问责制和透明度的承诺。最近发布的 GAC 建议注册上也会对这些事项进行跟踪。理事会在与 GAC 的沟通中指出,希望及时收到 GAC 审议的结果,ICANN 的首席执行官将与 GAC 接触,进一步明确计划时限,以便提供更多建议。

    向 GAC 做出回应不会对 ICANN 产生财务影响,并且不会对域名系统的系统安全性、稳定性和灵活性产生负面影响。

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."