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Public Comments on New gTLDs/Famous Names Invited

For the last nine months, Working Groups B (famous names) and C (new gTLDs) of the ICANN Domain Name Supporting Organization (DNSO) have been discussing various aspects of their assigned topics. On 21 March 2000, these two working groups submitted reports on their progress, which were then posted on the <> web site.

The DNSO Names Council invites the Internet community to comment on these reports and the issues raised by them. Both reports have now been posted on the ICANN web site (they are also still available on the DNSO web site), where a web-based public comment forum has been established for each report. To read the reports and comment on them, go to <>.

The ICANN Board has requested the Names Council to provide its recommendations on these topics by 20 April 2000. The Names Council will consider the reports and comments submitted on them at its 18 April 2000 meeting. Members of the Internet community are encouraged to submit their comments as far as possible in advance of the 18 April meeting.

Search Tool Implemented for UDRP Proceedings

Over 400 proceedings have been commenced under the Uniform Domain-Name Dispute-Resolution Policy since the policy went into full operation on 3 January 2000. In an effort to assist the community in keeping track of these proceedings, the ICANN web site lists the proceedings arranged by (a) commencement date, (b) proceeding number, and (c) domain name. In addition, the ICANN site now offers a search tool and a statistical report on the status of the proceedings. These may be accessed through <>.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."