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Blog ten things about panama 26jun18 en
  • Community Onboarding Pilot Program ICANN62 Update

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    ICANN62 marks the conclusion of the ICANN Community Onboarding Pilot Program (COP). In Panama City, Panama, 20 individuals from eight community groups came together on 24 June to take stock of the progress to date and discuss plans for how each individual community group...
  • Greetings from Panama City

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    David Olive, Senior Vice President, Policy Development, extends a warm welcome to everyone attending ICANN62, the third Policy Forum and the first in the Latin American and Caribbean region. ICANN62's intensive program was organized by ICANN's Supporting Organizations and...
  • Welcome to ICANN62!

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    I'm excited to welcome you to Panama City, Panama, for ICANN62. This is the second time an ICANN meeting has been held in Central America, and the first time we've come to Panama. ICANN meetings represent an important opportunity for our diverse stakeholders to meet...
  • How the ITI Technical Infrastructure Works

    We've blogged previously that the Information Transparency Initiative (ITI) is a foundational project that aims to establish content governance and rebuild our underlying technical infrastructure. These key foundational deliverables will improve how we manage all of our...
  • Important Changes Coming to The Way You Use Adobe Connect

    As you know, issues were reported with Adobe Connect (AC) during ICANN61 in Puerto Rico and we later restored service. The way you access closed Adobe Connect sessions is changing so that the rooms are more secure. Room administrators or meeting organizers will apply...
  • Outreach & Engagement Leading into ICANN62

    As the ICANN community comes together in Panama for ICANN62, the Engagement team is planning a series of events for local stakeholders and with regional partners. ICANN is hosting a LAC-i Roadshow event in collaboration with IPANDETEC on 22 June. Our partners will be...
  • Sensibilisation et participation en vue de la 62e réunion de l'ICANN

    La communauté de l'ICANN se réunit au Panama pour la 62e réunion de l'ICANN ; parallèlement, l'équipe de participation prépare une série d'événements pour les parties prenantes locales et avec des partenaires régionaux. Le 22 juin, l'ICANN accueillera l'événement LAC-i...
  • Chair's Blog: A Preview of the Panama Board Workshop

    We are less than two weeks away from ICANN62in Panama City, Panama. That means the Board is once again getting ready for another workshop, which will be held from 22-24 June, right before the meeting. If you’ll recall, we reorganized our last workshop in Vancouver to...
  • 主席博文:巴拿马董事会工作坊预告

    距离在巴拿马共和国巴拿马城召开 ICANN 第 62 届会议还有不到两周的时间了。这意味着董事会要再次准备另一项工作坊会议,该会议将于 6 月 22 日至 24 日召开,恰好在 ICANN 会议之前。 如果您还记得, 我们重新组织了在温哥华举办的上一次工作坊,以便留出更多时间讨论欧洲通用数据保护条例 (GDPR) 和《gTLD 注册数据临时规范》提案,因此即将举行的工作坊将为我们提供机会,重新讨论上次会议上遗留的一些问题。我们将会举办多场公共会议,以及一场董事会公共会议。您可在此处了解如何拨入这些仅提供聆听模式的会议。 6 月 22...
  • Engagement Efforts with Local Stakeholders in Moscow

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    Göran Marby, President and CEO, ICANN, was in Moscow, Russia, from 22-24 May for a series of meetings with the Russian Internet community. He was joined by David Conrad, Chief Technology Officer, and Tarek Kamel, Senior Vice President for Government and IGO Engagement,...
  • Fourth Annual 2018 GDD Industry Summit Recap

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    During the third week of May, the Global Domains Division (GDD) of the ICANN organization held its fourth annual Industry Summit in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada. This year's Summit comprised of 410 attendees from over 32 countries, with dozens more participating...
  • Accountability Indicators Goes from Beta to Version 1

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    Many of you provided constructive feedback since the beta release of our Accountability Indicators last August, which transformed the previous KPI Dashboard. This new platform better communicates our progress towards the strategic and operating plans, and demonstrates the...
  • ICANN Adobe Connect Services Restored

    Today, I am writing to let you know that we are restoring ICANN's Adobe Connect collaboration services, effective 1 June 2018. This decision was made following extensive independent and joint forensics investigations by ICANN org, CoSo Cloud LLC (our Adobe Connect cloud...
  • Final Proposed FY19 Operating Plan and Budget

    Today, we published the final proposed FY19 Operating Plan and Budget and submitted it to the ICANN Board for consideration at the meeting on 30 May 2018. This is an important step in the process to ensure transparency so that you – and the rest of the ICANN community –...
  • Please Comment on the Timing of Reviews

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    The topic of reviews has been an ongoing one over the years. As we went into ICANN61, and during ICANN61, we held many discussions on the budget and priorities for ICANN, as we are working to find ways to operate more efficiently and effectively, while considering the...
  • Chair’s Blog: A Wrap-Up of the Vancouver Board Workshop

    Over the weekend the ICANN Board met on 11-13 May in Vancouver, Canada. We held three public sessions and a public Board meeting, and I hope you were able to join some. In the morning of the first day of the workshop, Friday, we began by meeting with the Root Server...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."