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Blog

  • Addressing Recent Zoom News

    Recently, ICANN’s video conferencing platform, Zoom, has been in the news quite a bit. With shelter-in-place and work-from-home becoming more familiar, not only for the ICANN community but the world at large, Zoom has become a vital tool for many businesses. With this...
  • PIR Transaction and Proposed Public Interest Commitments Update

    Since Public Interest Registry (PIR) formally notified ICANN of the proposed change of control transaction on 14 November 2019, the ICANN org and Board have worked together to thoughtfully and thoroughly evaluate the proposed acquisition to ensure that the .ORG registry...
  • Relief for Registrants in Response to COVID-19

    We have received several inquiries from our contracted parties about steps that ICANN org could take to help mitigate issues in the domain name industry ecosystem in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. These include concerns about the ability of registrants to renew their...
  • Keeping the DNS Secure During the Coronavirus Pandemic

    The Internet’s value in bringing people together has never been more apparent than it is now. While most of us are under some form of “stay at home” order in an effort to slow the spread of the coronavirus, the Internet provides us with a lifeline. It brings us...
  • Executive Team Announcement

    When there is a change in the executive leadership of the ICANN organization, it is important that we inform the community in a timely manner. Today, I would like to share with you that Cyrus Namazi, Senior Vice President of Global Domains Division (GDD), has decided to...
  • Becoming UA-Ready – ICANN Update

    Learn Best Practices to Increase Internet Inclusivity and Diversity Through UA The Domain Name System (DNS) is more inclusive and diverse than ever before with top-level domain (TLD) names in different languages and scripts, such as Arabic, Chinese, Hindi, Russian, as...
  • ICANN Open Data Platform 1.0: A Multistakeholder Success

    On Wednesday, 11 March 2020, ICANN officially launched version 1.0 of the Open Data Platform. During the Open Data session at ICANN67, the ICANN organization provided an informational overview of the platform, its features, and registration benefits. Now we want to hear...
  • Chair’s Blog: Recap of the March Remote Board Workshop

    From 2-7 March 2020, the ICANN Board gathered online for its workshop to further its business and prepare to engage with the community during ICANN’s 67th Public Meeting and first ever Virtual Community Forum. To adapt to this remote format, we stretched our meeting...
  • ICANN Org Issues Work-from-Home Guidance

    As the COVID-19 outbreak continues to evolve, the health and safety of the ICANN organization staff and the community remain our top priority. In situations like this, I believe it is important to communicate internal developments and ICANN org-related decisions to the...
  • Remote Participation During ICANN67

    Due to concerns over the COVID-19 coronavirus, ICANN’s 67th Public Meeting will now be a fully virtual experience. While we will still be providing remote participation for all sessions on the schedule, it will be modified for the current circumstances, including...
  • Chair’s Blog: An Overview of the March Remote Board Workshop

    With so many things on our plate, the ICANN community, organization, and Board are all confronted with a sudden need to find new ways of getting things done. The Board’s recent decision to change ICANN67 from a face-to-face meeting in Cancún, Mexico, into a fully remote...
  • Language Services at ICANN67

    As we prepare for our first virtual ICANN Public Meeting, we want to let you know about a temporary change to the language resources at the ICANN67 Virtual Community Forum. ICANN serves a global community, and to facilitate participation ICANN org usually tries to make...
  • The ICANN History Project Explores Global Engagement

    Through the voices of the Internet pioneers and ICANN community leaders, the newest collection in The ICANN History Project explores how our international engagement has grown. In this new Global Expansion track of video interviews we explore how ICANN has expanded...
  • Registration Data Directory Services (RDDS) Roadmap Update

    As ICANN org continues to keep the community informed regarding the evolution of policy and management of registration data, new information regarding ongoing projects related to Registration Data Directory Services (RDDS) has been published. Updates to this RDDS roadmap...
  • ATRT3 Brussels Meeting Recap and Looking Ahead to Cancún

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    From 7 to 9 February 2020, the third Accountability and Transparency Review Team (ATRT3) held a face-to-face meeting at the ICANN office in Brussels, Belgium. We had a nearly full-house turnout of review team members who actively participated in the meeting either...
  • Feedback Needed For ICANN Asia Pacific Regional Plan FY21-25

    As we approach the new Financial Year in July 2020, the Asia Pacific (APAC) regional office is working to align its focus areas and activities to the ICANN FY21-25 Strategic Plan. We are currently seeking the APAC community's feedback and input on our draft APAC Regional...
  • ICANN Meets with Belgian Data Protection Authority

    The ICANN organization met with the Belgian Data Protection Authority (DPA) on 14 February 2020 to continue the dialogue about a possible Unified Access Model (UAM) for gTLD registration data. The meeting followed publication of ICANN org’s “Exploring a Unified Access...
  • Update on ICANN67 Planning and COVID-19 (Coronavirus)

    The ICANN Board and ICANN org have been closely monitoring COVID-19 since it was first reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019. The World Health Organization now considers COVID-19 a global health emergency. As we approach ICANN67 in Cancún, Mexico, we continue to...
  • Root Key Signing Key Ceremony Postponed

    The 40th Root Key Signing Key Ceremony, originally scheduled for 12 February 2020 in El Segundo, California, has been postponed. One of the security mechanisms that protects the contents of the secure safes was found to be malfunctioning. The safes contain critical...
  • .COM Public Comments and Facts

    ICANN Public Comment is a mechanism that gives the ICANN community and stakeholders an opportunity to provide input and feedback. Public Comment is used in the policy development process, and to guide implementation work, reviews, and operational activities of the ICANN...
  • Chair’s Blog: Los Angeles Board Workshop

    From 24 to 26 January 2020, the ICANN Board held its first workshop of the calendar year at ICANN’s Los Angeles, California, office. Holding our workshop in an ICANN office is a great opportunity to strengthen the collaboration between the Board and the ICANN org, so the...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."