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Venezuela Opens Global Debate on Internet Governance

Venezuela conference 750x425 22sep14

Internet is a diverse communication and interaction forum; that´s the way we see it in Venezuela.

Internet users, civil society, industry and government in Venezuela raised their voice in the global debate on Internet governance during the Conference on Internet for Development and Social Transformation held in Caracas during the second week of August, as part of the initiative of the Users´ Association Internauta Venezuela *.

This event was the setting to discuss and learn about governance, to encourage the dialogue and interaction among participants based on the openness, democracy and integration posed by the multi-stakeholder model.

Rodrigo De La Parra, ICANN VP

In his speech, Rodrigo De La Parra, ICANN VP, described the meeting as an unprecedented step taken by Venezuela in the debate on governance, democratization and development. He stated, in his own words, that the network of networks "does not belong to anyone; it belongs to everyone."

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*Internauta Venezuela: A nonprofit Civil Association founded by male and female Internet users, IT and communications professionals, and social players who regard Internet as a means for development and social transformation.

ICANN closely works with its community, and Internauta Venezuela is an At- Large Structure (ALS) accredited in LACRALO, the Latin America and the Caribbean Islands Regional At-Large Organization, where a group of people belonging to and on behalf of organizations from different countries in the region participate (


    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."