Opening ICANN Blogs for Comment
ICANN blogs ought to be one of the key tools to provide a wider understanding of ICANN's role and work as well as an accessible entry point for community newcomers to understand what is happening and why.
There's work to do on the presentation and organization of the blogging platform and we're thinking about what steps we can take. But the most obvious function of a blog is as a discursive platform. So we're going to let the conversation flow and open up comments on our ICANN blogs.
It's not a technical triumph, but it is a minor gamble with our resources. No organization wants to spend time monitoring the behavior of its community, but we assume that the courtesy and respect you wish for yourself will be given to others. As such, we will rely on post-moderation. Comments are posted immediately and we review them once they are live. The Expected Standards of Behavior Policy is the same for the wider organization. View our website Terms of Service. With comments now open, we hope blog posts can open up useful exchanges between community members and the blog authors.
Of course, if you have any thoughts, you can post them below.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."