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Terms of Service

The following terms and conditions govern all use of the http://www.icann.org/ website and all content and services available at or through the website (the Website). The Website is owned and operated by Internet Corporation For Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN"). The Website is offered subject to all of the terms and conditions and all other operating rules, policies (including, without limitation, ICANN's Privacy Policy and Standards of Behavior and procedures that may be published from time to time on this Site by ICANN (collectively, the "Agreement").

Please read this Agreement carefully before accessing or using the Website. By accessing or using any part of the Website, you agree to become bound by the terms and conditions of this agreement. The Website is available only to individuals who are at least 13 years old.

  1. Your Account

    If you create an account on the Website, you are responsible for maintaining the security of your account and you are fully responsible for all activities that occur under the account. You must immediately notify ICANN of any unauthorized uses of your account or any other breaches of security. ICANN will not be liable for any acts or omissions by you, including any damages of any kind incurred as a result of such acts or omissions.

    By creating an account on the Website, you agree that the information that you share about yourself will be shared publicly for the purpose of displaying of profiles of ICANN community members and for identification of discussion contributors within the dialogue tools provided.

  2. Responsibility of Contributors

    If you post material to the Website, post links on the Website, or otherwise make (or allow any third party to make) material available by means of the Website (any such material, "Content"), You are entirely responsible for the content of, and any harm resulting from, that Content. By making Content available, you represent and warrant that:

    • the downloading, copying and use of the Content will not infringe the proprietary rights, including but not limited to the copyright, patent, trademark or trade secret rights, of any third party;

    • if your employer has rights to intellectual property you create, you have either (i) received permission from your employer to post or make available the Content, including but not limited to any software, or (ii) secured from your employer a waiver as to all rights in or to the Content;

    • you have fully complied with any third-party licenses relating to the Content, and have done all things necessary to successfully pass through to end users any required terms;

    • the Content does not contain or install any viruses, worms, malware, Trojan horses or other harmful or destructive content;

    • the Content is not spam, is not machine- or randomly-generated, and does not contain unethical or unwanted commercial content designed to drive traffic to third party sites or boost the search engine rankings of third party sites, or to further unlawful acts (such as phishing) or mislead recipients as to the source of the material (such as spoofing);

    • the Content is not pornographic, does not contain threats or incite violence, and does not violate the privacy or publicity rights of any third party;

    • your content is not getting advertised via unwanted electronic messages such as spam links on newsgroups, email lists, blogs and web sites, and similar unsolicited promotional methods;

    • your content is not named in a manner that misleads your readers into thinking that you are another person or company; and

    • you have, in the case of Content that includes computer code, accurately categorized and/or described the type, nature, uses and effects of the materials, whether requested to do so by ICANN Forum or otherwise.

  3. Content Contributions

    ICANN has the right (though not the obligation) to, in ICANN Forum's sole discretion (i) refuse or remove any content that, in ICANN Forum's reasonable opinion, violates any ICANN policy or procedure or is in any way harmful or objectionable, or (ii) terminate or deny access to and use of the Website to any individual or entity for any reason, in ICANN's sole discretion.

  4. Responsibility of Website Visitors

    ICANN has not reviewed, and cannot review, all of the material posted to the Website, and cannot therefore be responsible for that material's content, use or effects. By operating the Website, ICANN does not represent or imply that it endorses the material there posted, or that it believes such material to be accurate, useful or non-harmful. You are responsible for taking precautions as necessary to protect yourself and your computer systems from viruses, worms, Trojan horses, and other harmful or destructive content.

  5. Content Posted on Other Websites

    We have not reviewed, and cannot review, all of the material made available through the websites and webpages to which http://www.icann.org/ links, and that link to http://www.icann.org/. ICANN does not have any control over those non-http://www.icann.org/ websites and webpages, and is not responsible for their contents or their use. By linking to a non-http://www.icann.org/ website or webpage, ICANN does not represent or imply that it endorses such website or webpage. You are responsible for taking precautions as necessary to protect yourself and your computer systems from viruses, worms, Trojan horses, and other harmful or destructive content. ICANN disclaims any responsibility for any harm resulting from your use of non-http://www.icann.org/ websites and webpages.

  6. Copyright Infringement and DMCA Policy

    As ICANN asks others to respect its intellectual property rights, it respects the intellectual property rights of others. If you believe that material located on or linked to by http://www.icann.org/ violates your copyright, you are encouraged to notify ICANN. ICANN will respond to all such notices, including as required or appropriate by removing the infringing material or disabling all links to the infringing material. ICANN will terminate a visitor's access to and use of the Website if, under appropriate circumstances, the visitor is determined to be a repeat infringer of the copyrights or other intellectual property rights of ICANN or others.

  7. Intellectual Property

    This Agreement does not transfer from ICANN to you any ICANN or third party intellectual property, and all right, title and interest in and to such property will remain (as between the parties) solely with ICANN. ICANN, http://www.icann.org/, the http://www.icann.org/ logo, and all other trademarks, service marks, graphics and logos used in connection with http://www.icann.org/, or the Website are trademarks or registered trademarks of ICANN. Other trademarks, service marks, graphics and logos used in connection with the Website may be the trademarks of other third parties. Your use of the Website grants you no right or license to reproduce or otherwise use any ICANN or third-party trademarks.

  8. Changes

    ICANN reserves the right, at its sole discretion, to modify or replace any part of this Agreement. It is your responsibility to check this Agreement periodically for changes. Your continued use of or access to the Website following the posting of any changes to this Agreement constitutes acceptance of those changes. ICANN may also, in the future, offer new services and/or features through the Website (including, the release of new tools and resources). Such new features and/or services shall be subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement.

  9. Termination

    ICANN may terminate your access to all or any part of the Website at any time, with or without cause, with or without notice, effective immediately. If you wish to terminate this Agreement or your http://www.icann.org/ account (if you have one), you may simply discontinue using the Website. All provisions of this Agreement which by their nature should survive termination shall survive termination, including, without limitation, ownership provisions, warranty disclaimers, indemnity and limitations of liability.

  10. General Representation and Warranty

    You represent and warrant that (i) your use of the Website will be in strict accordance with the ICANN Privacy Policy, Standards of Behavior with this Agreement and with all applicable laws and regulations (including without limitation any local laws or regulations in your country, state, city, or other governmental area, regarding online conduct and acceptable content, and including all applicable laws regarding the transmission of technical data exported from the country in which this website resides or the country in which you reside) and (ii) your use of the Website will not infringe or misappropriate the intellectual property rights of any third party.

  11. Miscellaneous

    This Agreement may be modified by the posting by ICANN of a revised version.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."